Herbal Medicines Today and the Roots of Modern Pharmacology

@article{Goldman2001HerbalMT,
  title={Herbal Medicines Today and the Roots of Modern Pharmacology},
  author={Peter Goldman},
  journal={Annals of Internal Medicine},
  year={2001},
  volume={135},
  pages={594-600}
}
  • P. Goldman
  • Published 16 October 2001
  • Biology
  • Annals of Internal Medicine
The desire to take medicines is one feature which distinguishes man, the animal, from his fellow creatures (1). Thus did William Osler express skepticism about remedies available in the early 20th century and an avuncular indulgence toward patients who wanted them. His comment expresses the attitude of many physicians today toward consumers of herbal medicines, and indeed may be timeless: Medicinal herbs were found in the personal effects of an ice man, whose body was frozen in the Swiss Alps… 
A Review on Herbal Medicine: Past, Present and Future
TLDR
The implementation of quality check during production as well as cultivation is providing the new strength to herbal medicine in market.
Herbal Supplements and Abuse
TLDR
In 1994 after the introduction of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act passed by congress, manufacturers were allowed to market their herbal products without evidence of safety or efficacy, a resurgence of herbal supplements and drugs usage was noticed.
The Application of Phytomedicine in Modern Drug Development
TLDR
The field of phytomedicine has a great prospect to be further developed hand-in-hand with modern medical disciplines, especially in the development of new drugs.
Herbal Remedies: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly
TLDR
In this article, problems associated with specific herbals including those with serious toxicity such as ephedra, borage, coltsfoot and calamus, as well as those with demonstrated interactions with conventional drugs such as St. John's wort are reviewed.
Plant derived substances with anti-cancer activity: from folklore to practice
TLDR
Some plant-derived substances exhibiting anti-cancer and chemoprevention activity, their mode of action and bioavailability, and development and use of their synthetic analogs, and those of strigolactones are discussed.
Understanding Herb-Drug Interactions
TLDR
An overview of the evidence for popular herbs including St. John’s wort, kava, ginkgo, ginger, and ginseng is provided so that the practitioner can gain a realistic perspective on herb-drug interactions and make the necessary recommendations to ensure the safety of their patients.
Herbal hepatotoxicity: a hidden epidemic
TLDR
The problem of the lacks of standardization of herbal drugs, the lack of randomized clinical trials regarding the majority of these products, the unawareness of risks by the patients who buy and use them, and the problem of underreporting are discussed.
Herbal medicine in acute care medicine: past, present, and future?
  • J. Varon
  • Medicine
    The American journal of emergency medicine
  • 2009
Traditional Phytomedicinal Systems, Scientific Validations and Current Popularity as Nutraceuticals
TLDR
The current popularity of herbals is mainly based on their uses as nutraceuticals which are taken as the dietary supplements that people take to improve their health.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 46 REFERENCES
Medicinal herbs in the United States: research needs.
TLDR
Concern has been expressed that the lack of quality control used in the preparation of medicinal herbs, plus their unregulated sale and uninformed use, pose potential adverse health effects for consumers, and recommendations for additional research and education are made.
The Pharmacopeia and the Physician.
TLDR
"The Pharmacopeia and the Physician" is something that every physician should have, and especially those who dispense, because of the tendency among the latter to pour from some "stock bottle" instead of making the drugs fit the particular case.
Adulterants in Asian patent medicines.
  • R. Ko
  • Medicine
    The New England journal of medicine
  • 1998
TLDR
To the Editor: Asian patent medicines are one component of what are called traditional Chinese medicines, which are widely available in herbal stores and have gained acceptance by the American public as a form of alternative medicine.
Urothelial carcinoma associated with the use of a Chinese herb (Aristolochia fangchi)
TLDR
The prevalence of urothelial carcinoma among patients with end-stage Chinese-herb nephropathy (caused by aristolochia species) is a high.
Herbal medicines in migraine prevention Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled crossover trial of a feverfew preparation.
Effect of a garlic oil preparation on serum lipoproteins and cholesterol metabolism: a randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
The commercial garlic oil preparation investigated had no influence on serum lipoproteins, cholesterol absorption, or cholesterol synthesis, and garlic therapy for treatment of hypercholesterolemia cannot be recommended on the basis of this study.
Feverfew as a preventive treatment for migraine: a systematic review.
TLDR
The clinical effectiveness of feverfew in the prevention of migraine has not been established beyond reasonable doubt.
Adverse Effects of Herbal Drugs
An Introduction to Herbal Pharmacovigilance.- Artemisia Cina.- Aspalathus Linearis.- Citrullus Colocynthis.- Fucus Vesiculosus and Allied Brown Algae.- Ginkgo Biloba.- Glycyrrhiza Glabra.- Linum
Pharmacokinetic interaction of digoxin with an herbal extract from St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum)
TLDR
The interaction between hypericum extract LI160 and digoxin is studied to study the pharmacokinetics of ingredients and drug interactions of St John's wort.
...
...