Hepatoprotective effect of Phyllanthus in Taiwan on acute liver damage induced by carbon tetrachloride.

Abstract

The effect of oral administration of Phyllanthus methanolic extracts (PME) (i.e. P. acidus, P. emblica, P. myrtifolius, P. multiflorus, P. amarus, P. debilis, P. embergeri, P. hookeri, P. tenellus, P. urinaria L.s. nudicarpus, P. urinaria L.s. urinaria) or gallic acid (GA) on the progression of acute liver damage induced by CCl(4) in rats was examined by morphological and biochemical methods. P. acidus, P. urinaria L.s. urinaria, GA at a dose of 0.5 g/kg, and P. emblica, P. urinaria L.s. nudicarpus at a dose of 1.0 g/kg attenuated CCl(4)-induced increase in serum glutamate-oxalate-transaminase (GOT). P. acidus, P. urinaria L.s. nudicarpus, P. urinaria L.s. urinaria, GA at a dose of 0.5 g/kg, and P. emblica, P. amarus, P. hookeri, P. tenellus at a dose of 1.0 g/kg attenuated CCl(4)-induced increase in serum glutamate-pyruvate-transaminase (GPT). Concurrently, P. acidus, P. multiflorus, P. embergeri, P. hookeri, P. tenellus and P. urinaria L.s. urinaria elevated the activity of liver reduced glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px). Since the protective effects of P. acidus, P. emblica, P. myrtifolius, P. embergeri, P. urinaria L.s. nudicarpus, P. urinaria L.s. urinaria and GA correlate with a reduction in liver infiltration and focal necrosis observed using histological methods, these data demonstrate that P. acidus and P. urinaria L.s. urinaria are hepatoprotective and antioxidant agents.

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@article{Lee2006HepatoprotectiveEO, title={Hepatoprotective effect of Phyllanthus in Taiwan on acute liver damage induced by carbon tetrachloride.}, author={Chao-Ying Lee and Wen-Huang Peng and Hao-Yuan Cheng and Fei-Na Chen and Ming-tsung Lai and T Chiu}, journal={The American journal of Chinese medicine}, year={2006}, volume={34 3}, pages={471-82} }