BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Hepatitis C virus-polymerase chain reaction (HCV-PCR) minipool testing can improve the safety of labile blood products owing to a reduction in the diagnostic preseroconversion window period. In Switzerland, HCV-PCR minipool testing for the release of labile blood components became mandatory in September 1999. In the largest Swiss blood transfusion centre, HCV-PCR minipool testing began in January 1999. This report analyses the performance of the test during a 3-year period: 1 January 1999 to 31 December 2001. MATERIALS AND METHODS EDTA-blood was collected in either standard tubes or plasma preparation (PPT) tubes from 10 blood transfusion services in Switzerland and then sent to the Blood Transfusion Service SRC Berne. Up to 48 donor samples were pooled overnight using Tecan Genesis RSP 200/8 pipettors. Viral RNA was extracted by using the Qiagen QIAamp 96 viral RNA BioRobot kit on a BioRobot 9604. For PCR amplification and detection of HCV or internal control (IC) sequences, the Roche Cobas Amplicor v2.0 test kit was used. Data management, pool resolution and identification of positive samples were performed using the PMS Software from Tecan. RESULTS In the 3-year period from 1 January 1999 to 31 December 2001, 839056 blood donor samples were tested in minipools of up to 48 samples. Thirty-five HCV-PCR-positive donations were identified. Thirty-four samples had antibodies against HCV and were therefore also detected by screening for antibody to HCV (anti-HCV). In October 2001, one seronegative (but PCR-positive) donor was detected. CONCLUSIONS HCV-PCR minipool testing was successfully introduced in the largest Swiss blood transfusion service. It was shown that the release of HCV-PCR minipool results can be accomplished concurrently with the results of serological analysis. The challenge with a seronegative, but PCR-positive, donor demonstrates that the minipool testing strategy adds additional safety to blood products.