Hepatitis C – contamination of toothbrushes: myth or reality?

  title={Hepatitis C – contamination of toothbrushes: myth or reality?},
  author={Guntram Lock and Margit Dirscherl and Florian Obermeier and Cornelia Maria Gelbmann and Claus Hellerbrand and Antje Kn{\"o}ll and Jürgen Schölmerich and Wolfgang Jilg},
  journal={Journal of Viral Hepatitis},
Summary.  Chronic hepatitis C patients are advised not to share toothbrushes, razors, nail‐scissors or other personal articles that potentially may have been in contact with blood, with others. This study examines the contamination of toothbrushes in patients with chronic hepatitis C as a model for a possible unconventional way of transmission. In 30 patients with chronic hepatitis C, 2 mL of saliva (before and after toothbrushing) and the toothbrush rinsing water after toothbrushing were… Expand
Dentists were in a high risk of contracting this disease due to the procedures and instruments of dental treatment, and patients with liver disorders are of significant interest to the dentist because liver plays a vital role in metabolitic function. Expand
Microbial Contamination of Toothbrush Bristles among Gingivitis and Periodontitis: An in vitro study
Microbes survive in a wide variety of environments, including toothbrush bristles regardless where they are kept. Microbial contamination of toothbrush bristles occurs after the initial use andExpand
Bacterial Contamination of the Toothbrushes
Toothbrushes are an environment for transfer of microbes, their retention and growth. The aim of the study was to evaluate the bacterial contamination of toothbrushes during everyday use in theExpand
Highlights for Dental Care as a Hepatitis C Risk Factor: A Review of Literature
In developed nations, general dental care does not appear to be a significant risk factor for HCV transmission in non-intravenous drug user patients; although, the improper use and reuse of anesthetics during procedures poses a rare potential risk for viral transmission. Expand
Evaluation of microbial contamination and efficacy of antimicrobial agents in disinfection of handicapped patients’ toothbrushes
Evaluated the contamination of toothbrushes used by patients with disabilities, by microbial culture and cariogenic biofilm formation, and to explore two methods of disinfection found both 0.12% chlorhexidine and cetylpyridinium chloride spray solutions can effectively be used for toothbrush disinfection to reduce contamination. Expand
The Frequency of Hepatitis C and its Risk Factors Among Health Care Providers at Tehsil Headquarter Hospital, Hasilpur, Pakistan
The frequency of HCV among health care providers is high and awareness programs and training workshops should be mandatory to increase knowledge about hepatitis C prevention to decrease the incidence of hepatitis C infection among health Care workers. Expand
[Intrafamilial hepatitis C virus infection].
Intrafamilial spread of hepatitis C virus may occur and it is strongly suggested to inform the patients about the possible risk and the importance of personal hygiene. Expand
HCV iatrogenic and intrafamilial transmission in Greater Cairo, Egypt
Three long-married (>15 years) couples were infected with virtually identical sequences and none of the three index patients reported any exposure at risk, suggesting HCV intra-familial transmission, and parenteral iatrogenic transmission was accountable for 34.6% of these new infections. Expand
Hepatitis C virus and dental health workers: an update.
A review of HCV epidemiology, natural history, transmission, diagnosis, treatment and prevention focusing on oral manifestations in and dental management strategies for HCV-infected individuals is performed. Expand
Germicidal activity of antimicrobials and VIOlight Personal Travel Toothbrush sanitizer: an in vitro study.
3% hydrogen peroxide was most effective in reducing the numbers of both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria present on the toothbrush heads as well as rapidly killing bacteria when compared to VIOlight. Expand


Prevalence and risk factors for intrafamilial transmission of hepatitis C virus in Karachi, Pakistan
The final multivariable conditional logistic regression model revealed that the HCV‐seropositive household contacts were more likely than HCV seronegative household contacts to have been bitten by the carrier or have shared a toothbrush with the carrier. Expand
Hepatitis C virus infection in institutionalized psychiatric patients: possible role of transmission by razor sharing.
The objective of this study was to determine if HCV can be transmitted from patient to patient in psychiatric institutions and to determine possible routes of infection. We did a cross-sectionalExpand
Detection of HCV RNA in saliva of patients with hepatitis C virus infection by using a highly sensitive test.
Hepatitis C virus RNA is often present in saliva of HCV infected patients, with plasma viral load being the only known predictable factor. Expand
Prevention of spread of hepatitis C
The primary prevention of illegal drug injecting will eliminate the greatest risk factor for HCV infection in the United States and other prevention strategies that need to be widely implemented include risk reduction counseling and services and review and improvement of infection control practices in all types of health care settings. Expand
Failure to detect hepatitis C virus genome in human secretions with the polymerase chain reaction
Seroepidemiological studies indicating that nonparenteral transmission of hepatitis C through secretions is uncommon and probably much less efficient than hepatitis B virus infection are supported. Expand
Detection of HCV-RNA in saliva of patients with chronic hepatitis C.
These results provide a biological basis for saliva as a possible source of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, but do not necessarily imply transmission by this route. Expand
Classification of chronic hepatitis: Diagnosis, grading and staging
Recombinant human alpha-interferon in patients with chronic nonA-nonB hepatitis and factors predictive of response to interferon alpha therapy in HCV infection are studied. Expand
[Motivation and education].
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It was thought for many years that successful motivation in oral health should be based on the knowledge of epidemiology of caries and periodontal diseases and the methods of prevention, but these are not used by the majority although they provide a pronounced reduction of carie and gingivitis. Expand
Data available in *n 1⁄4 26 and n 1⁄4 25 patients
  • n.s. 1⁄4 not significant
  • 2006
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