Geographical distribution of the HBsAg subtypes in Brazil
- Gaspar AM, Yoshida CF
- Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz
Hepatitis B surface antigen can be serologically defined as ayw1, ayw2, ayw3, ayw4, ayr, adw2, adw4 and adrq+ or adrq-. A study of common HBsAg subtypes in 44 HBsAg reactive sera in University Hospital was conducted using a solid-phase sandwich EIA. Eleven samples were found not typable and among the 33 typable HBsAg reactive sera, 3 HBsAg subtypes: adw, adr and ayw were identified. Subtype adw was found in 66.7% (22/33) of the typable HBsAg reactive sera; 24.2% (8/33) was of subtype adr and 6.0% (2/33) of subtype ayw. One sample was found to be reactive to both adw and adr. HBsAg subtype adw was found more commonly in Chinese but among the Malays, HBsAg subtype adr appeared to predominate. However, the small sample size precludes firm conclusions on the predominant subtype among the Malays.