Hepatic hydrothorax--pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment--review of the literature.

@article{Gur2004HepaticHD,
  title={Hepatic hydrothorax--pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment--review of the literature.},
  author={Chamutal Gur and Yaron Ilan and Oren Shibolet},
  journal={Liver international : official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver},
  year={2004},
  volume={24 4},
  pages={281-4}
}
Hepatic hydrothorax is defined as the accumulation of significant pleural effusion in a cirrhotic patient without primary pulmonary or cardiac disease. Hydrothorax is uncommon occurring in up to 4-6% of all patients with cirrhosis and up to 10% in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Although ascites is usually present, hydrothorax can occur in the absence of ascites. Patients with hepatic hydrothorax usually have advanced liver disease with portal hypertension and most of them will require… CONTINUE READING
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