Hepatic encephalopathy: current management strategies and treatment, including management and monitoring of cerebral edema and intracranial hypertension in fulminant hepatic failure.

@article{Zafirova2010HepaticEC,
  title={Hepatic encephalopathy: current management strategies and treatment, including management and monitoring of cerebral edema and intracranial hypertension in fulminant hepatic failure.},
  author={Zdravka Zafirova and Michael O'Connor},
  journal={Current opinion in anaesthesiology},
  year={2010},
  volume={23 2},
  pages={121-7}
}
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Hepatic encephalopathy is a syndrome whose pathophysiology is poorly understood, for which we lack high-quality diagnostic tests and markers, and whose treatment has improved only slightly over the last several decades. Serum ammonia levels remain the diagnostic gold standard. RECENT FINDINGS Hepatic encephalopathy can be precipitated by… CONTINUE READING