Hepatic encephalopathy, ammonia, glutamate, glutamine and oxidative stress.

  title={Hepatic encephalopathy, ammonia, glutamate, glutamine and oxidative stress.},
  author={Abraham Lemberg and Mar{\'i}a Alejandra Fern{\'a}ndez},
  journal={Annals of hepatology},
  volume={8 2},
This review addresses recent and not so recent works that emphasize on the mechanisms by which liver damage can induce encephalopathy. Hepatic encephalopathy constitutes an intriguing complication in severe liver acute and chronic disease, whose pathophysiology is still not completely understood. In this pathology, alterations in normal brain function are associated with morphological and functional impairments of astrocytes and neurons. A wide spectrum of psychoneurological symptoms has been… CONTINUE READING


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