Heparan sulfate fibroblast growth factor receptor complex: Structure‐function relationships

@article{Mckeehan1994HeparanSF,
  title={Heparan sulfate fibroblast growth factor receptor complex: Structure‐function relationships},
  author={Wallace L. Mckeehan and Mikio Kan},
  journal={Molecular Reproduction and Development},
  year={1994},
  volume={39}
}
  • W. Mckeehan, M. Kan
  • Published 1 September 1994
  • Biology, Chemistry
  • Molecular Reproduction and Development
Splice variations in genes coding for the transmembrane FGF receptor (FGFR) result in isoforms that vary in the ectodomain, intracellular juxtamembrane domain, and the intracellular kinase domain. An analysis of biochemical functions of distinct recombinant isoforms expressed in baculoviral‐infected insect cells allowed generation of models for function of splice variants in both the ecto‐ and intracellular domains. A structural model for the ectodomain of the FGFR is proposed as follows… 
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Heparan sulfate is required for interaction and activation of the epithelial cell fibroblast growth factor receptor-2IIIb with stromal-derived fibroblast growth factor-7
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Results suggest that, similar to other FGF polypeptides, heparan sulfate within the pericellular matrix is required for activity of FGF-7.
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  • Biology
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A better understanding of the diversity of FGF signaling in different developmental contexts and diseased states can be achieved through increased knowledge of the presence of specific FGFR isoforms and their impact on downstream signaling and functions.
Glycosaminoglycan affinity of the complete fibroblast growth factor family.
Identification of fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) as a high affinity, heparin dependent ligand for FGF receptors 3 and 2 but not for FGF receptors 1 and 4.
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FGF9 presents a unique case of ligand-receptor specificity and fulfills the criteria as a high affinity, heparin-dependent ligand for FGFR3.
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TLDR
The results indicate that the FGF receptor is a ternary complex of heparan sulfate proteoglycan, tyrosine kinase transmembrane glycoprotein, and ligand.
Fibroblast growth factor receptors from liver vary in three structural domains.
TLDR
It is shown that changes in heparin-binding fibroblast growth factor gene expression and receptor phenotype occur during liver regeneration and in hepatoma cells, and three amino-terminal domain motifs combine to form a minimum of 6 and potentially 12 homologous polypeptides that constitute the growth factor receptor family in a single human liver cell population.
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TLDR
The results suggest a mechanism for control of signal transduction by different concentrations of ligand through heterodimerization of combinatorial splice variants from the same receptor gene, and propose that complexes of phosphotyrosine 766 kinase monomers and SH2 domain signal transducers may constitute unactivated presignal complexes.
The human fibroblast growth factor receptor genes: a common structural arrangement underlies the mechanisms for generating receptor forms that differ in their third immunoglobulin domain.
TLDR
The arrangement of exons and introns in the human FGF receptor 1 (FGFR 1) gene has been mapped and three alternative exons encoding a portion of the third immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of the receptor are found.
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TLDR
The results suggest the possibility of designing specific analogs of FGF that are capable of inhibiting the biological effects of FGRF, and specifically those that possess partial agonist activity and stimulate DNA synthesis when tested in the absence of exogenous FGF.
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TLDR
Four tyrosine residues have been identified as phosphorylation sites in the tyrosin kinase isoform of the heparin‐binding fibroblast growth factor receptor flg (FGF‐R1), which was phosphorylated and fragmented with trypsin while immobilized on heparIn‐agarose beads.
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