Henri de Blainville and the animal series: A nineteenth-century chain of being

  title={Henri de Blainville and the animal series: A nineteenth-century chain of being},
  author={T. Appel},
  journal={Journal of the History of Biology},
  • T. Appel
  • Published 1 September 1980
  • Philosophy
  • Journal of the History of Biology
In 1839, Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville (1 777-1850), professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at the Faculty of Sciences in Paris, began a course in the history of science entitled "The Principles of Zoology Deduced from the Progress of Science from Aristotle to the Present."' A systematist in all he undertook, Blainville chose to organize his course around great men, savants whom he believed to be the "personification of an epoch, of a degree of development of science."2 These… 
On the Origins of the Quinarian System of Classification
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  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of the history of biology
  • 2016
This paper offers the first detailed account of Macleay’s development of the quinarian system, and rebutted several misunderstandings of him and his work, most notably that he was an idealist.
Richard Owen's Reaction to Transmutation in the 1830's
Following Michael Bartholomew's study of ‘Lyell and Evolution’ in 1973, scholars have become increasingly interested in the response of gentlemen geologists to Lamarckism during the reign of William
Robert E. Grant: The social predicament of a pre-Darwinian transmutationist
By understanding Grant's professional and transmutational threat, the authors can more fully appreciate the anti-Lamarckian ploys of leading scientists like Owen and Lyell and understand the isolation Grant suffered as a result of his radical, materialistic, and antimonopolist views.
Fossil dealers, the practices of comparative anatomy and British diplomacy in Latin America, 1820–1840
  • I. Podgorny
  • History
    The British Journal for the History of Science
  • 2012
Abstract This paper traces the trade routes of South American fossil mammal bones in the 1830s, thus elaborating both local and intercontinental networks that ascribed new meanings to objects with
Edward Hitchcock’s Pre-Darwinian (1840) “Tree of Life”
  • J. Archibald
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of the history of biology
  • 2009
Although well known in the mid 19th century, the geologist Edward Hitchcock has been forgotten as an early, if not the first author to publish a paleontologically based “tree of life” beginning in 1840 in the first edition of his popular general geology text Elementary Geology.
History from the Ground Up
William Kirby and William Spence’s Introduction to Entomology is generally recognized as one of the founding texts of entomological science in English. This essay examines the ideological allegiances
Robert E. Grant's later views on organic development: the Swiney lectures on “Palaeozoology”, 1853–1857
SUMMARY R. E. Grant's advocacy of transmutation is considered in relation to the scientific climate of the 1850s. To understand the palaeontological framework of his development theory, the
A Spur to Atavism: Placing Platypus Poison
  • P. Hobbins
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of the history of biology
  • 2015
This article pursues a different taxonomic trajectory, concentrating on a specifically male anatomical development: the crural spur and venom gland on the hind legs of the platypus.
Manifest ambiguity: Intermediate forms, variation, and mammal paleontology in Argentina, 1830-1880.
  • I. Podgorny
  • Philosophy, Medicine
    Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
  • 2017
This paper presents the impact of diverse aspects of Darwin's works on the practices of mammal paleontology in different moments of nineteenth-century Argentina through the publications of Florentino Ameghino.
The Principle of Plenitude and Natural Theology in Nineteenth-Century Britain
In his classic study, The Great Chain of Being , Arthur Lovejoy delineated a complex set of concepts and assumptions which referred to the perfection of God and the fullness of creation. In


The influence of Karl Ernst von Baer's embryology, 1828–1859: A reappraisal in light of Richard Owen's and William B. Carpenter's “Palaeontological application of ‘von Baer's law’”
  • D. Ospovat
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of the history of biology
  • 1976
The assumption that von Baer's embryological theory had but little influence during his own lifetime is erroneous and his theory was considerably more influential than the preceding quotation suggests.
(1) De Linné à Jussieu: Méthodes de la classification et idée de série en botanique et en zoologie (1740–1790) (2) Cuvier et Lamarck: Les classes zoologiques et l'idée de série animale (1790–1830)
WE are not familiar with the name of Dr. Henri Daudin, of Bordeaux, as a working biologist, but however that may be, he has, in the above treatise, produced a history of modern biology which it would
The Spirit of System: Lamarck and Evolutionary Biology
In this, the first modern book-length study of Lamarck, Richard Burkhardt examines the origin and development of Lamarcki's theory of organic evolution, the major theory prior to Darwin.
On the Archetype and Homologies of the Vertebrate Skeleton
  • R. Owen, W. Gull
  • Biology, Medicine
    The British and foreign medico-chirurgical review
  • 1858
Whether an alleged general law is established by the evidence assigned, merely requires an adequate reasoning faculty, where the premises do not warrant the conclusion.
An Essay on Classification