Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville: A physician turned metallurgist

@article{Wisniak2004HenriS,
  title={Henri {\'E}tienne Sainte-Claire Deville: A physician turned metallurgist},
  author={J. Wisniak},
  journal={Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance},
  year={2004},
  volume={13},
  pages={117-128}
}
  • J. Wisniak
  • Published 1 April 2004
  • Materials Science
  • Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville (1818-1881) is well known for his work on metallurgy, on the separation and preparation of many metals on a large scale and in a very pure state, and developing the concepts and principles of the dissociation of gases. He was the first to prepare N2O5 in crystalline state and to develop an inexpensive process for the industrial manufacture of sodium and aluminum. Among the many metals he separated susccessfully are silicon, magnesium, platinum, iridium… 

Figures from this paper

Four brilliant students of Henri Sainte-Claire Deville 2. Louis Joseph Troost
Louis Joseph Troost (1825-1911) carried on a large number of researches, alone or with Deville, Haute feuille, and other colleagues, on the isolation of lithium, determination of its atomic mass, and
Four Brilliant Students of Henri Sainte-Claire Deville 1
Henri Jules Debray (1827-1888), a student of Henri Sainte-Claire Deville, carried on a large number of important researches in the areas of mineralogy, crystallization, synthetic reproduction of
Four Brilliant Students of Henri Sainte-Claire Deville 1. Henri Jules Debray
Henri Jules Debray (1827-1888), a student of Henri Sainte-Claire Deville, carried on a large number of important researches in the areas of mineralogy, crystallization, synthetic reproduction of
A Brief History of Aluminum and Its Alloys
The development of the aluminum industry originates in ancient times, with alchemic practices and corresponds with the path to modern science and technology. This chapter explores the path that lead
Ørsted and Bunsen: Voltaic Batteries, Electric Arcs, Electromagnetism, and Electrolysis.
  • C. Wentrup
  • Medicine, Materials Science
    Angewandte Chemie
  • 2020
TLDR
The paths of Ørsted's and Bunsen's researches crossed again much later through the synthesis of elemental aluminum, which was first achieved by Ø rsted in 1825 and performed quite differently by Bunsen, by electrolysis using his coal-zinc battery, in 1854.
CHEMISTRY OF RESINOUS GUMS, DYES, ALKALOIDS, AND ACTIVE PRINCIPLES — CONTRIBUTIONS OF PELLETIER AND OTHERS IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
  • 2013
The 19th century showed a concerted effort to try to analyze many of the active principles contained in vegetable and animal sources being brought to Europe from the Far East and the New World. These
Effects of firing temperature on the physical properties of a bauxite-based refractory castable
A self-flowing low-cement bauxite castable was prepared from 64 wt.% rotary Chinese bauxite and 10 wt.% Eczacibasi calcined alumina aggregates with additives of 5 wt.% Lafarge cement Secar 71, 8 wt.%
A simple dip coat patterning of aluminum oxide to constitute a bistable memristor
Charge transport studies on a bipolar resistive random access memory device based on aluminum oxide were successfully undertaken. The device was designed in a simple metal–insulator–metal format,

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 67 REFERENCES
Notice sur Henri Sainte-Claire Deville
© Gauthier-Villars (Éditions scientifiques et médicales Elsevier), 1894, tous droits réservés. L’accès aux archives de la revue « Annales scientifiques de l’É.N.S. » (http://www.
Henri Sainte-Claire Deville, 1818-1881
THE records of the Deville family go back a long way. At the close of the 16th century, they left their ancestral home at P?rigueux and at Bergerac found refuge from the religious dis turbances.
Jöns Jacob Berzelius A Guide to the Perplexed Chemist
Berzelius was one of the most prominent chemists of the 19th century; his scientific contributions were fundamental to the understanding of chemistry and the setting of standards for experimental
and P
  • Lemay: “Henri Sainte-Claire Deville, 1818-1881,” Chymia,
  • 1950
Du Magnésium, de sa Préparation et de sa Volatilisation,” Compt
  • Rendus,
  • 1857
Métallurgie et Docimasie Nouvelle du Platine et des Metaux qui l’Accompagnent,” Compt
  • Rendus,
  • 1859
Du Bore (Étude Complète de Trois Variétés de Bore),” Ann
  • Chim. Phys.,
  • 1858
De la Dissociation ou Décomposition Spontanée des Corps Sour l’Influence de la Chaleur,” Compt
  • Rendus,
  • 1857
Du Bore,” Compt
  • Rendus,
  • 1856
Recherches sur les Métaux, et en Particulier sur l’Aluminium et sur une Nouvelle Forme du Silicium,” Ann
  • Chim. Phys.
  • 1855
...
1
2
3
4
5
...