Hempseed as a nutritional resource: An overview

  title={Hempseed as a nutritional resource: An overview},
  author={James C. Callaway},
SummaryThe seed of Cannabis sativa L. has been an important source of nutrition for thousands of years in Old World cultures. Non-drug varieties of Cannabis, commonly referred to as hemp, have not been studied extensively for their nutritional potential in recent years, nor has hempseed been utilized to any great extent by the industrial processes and food markets that have developed during the 20th century. Technically a nut, hempseed typically contains over 30% oil and about 25% protein, with… 

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This review article aims to provide a comprehensive outlook from a multidisciplinary perspective on the scientific evidence supporting hemp beneficial properties when consumed as food or supplement.

An overview on the use of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in animal nutrition

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Hemp in Veterinary Medicine: From Feed to Drug

The present review will synthetize the beneficial properties of hemp and hemp derivatives in animal nutrition and therapeutics.


The present review will synthetize the beneficial properties of hemp and hemp derivatives in animal nutrition and therapeutics.

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This study is an interesting contribution for C. sativa L. consideration as a source of bioactive compounds contributing to novel research applications for hemp seed oil in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic food, and other non-food industries.

Hemp seed oil: Chemical characterization of three non-drug varieties cultivated in Morocco

Cannabis sativa L. (hemp) seed oil is known for their food use, is the amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids from hemp seeds that would make these interesting products. The yield and the chemical



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Hemp as Food at High Latitudes

Hempseed could become a viable replacement for imported soya in Northern Europe, particularly as feed stock for animals.

Essential fatty acids in health and chronic disease.

  • A. Simopoulos
  • Medicine
    The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 1999
Alpha-linolenic acid, found in green leafy vegetables, flaxseed, rapeseed, and walnuts, desaturates and elongates in the human body to EPA and DHA and by itself may have beneficial effects in health and in the control of chronic diseases.

Evaluating the impact of hemp food consumption on workplace drug tests.

These concentrations appear to be sufficiently low to prevent confirmed positives from the extended and extensive consumption of hemp foods, and are now typical in Canadian hemp seed products.

Potential of Evening Primrose, Borage, Black Currant, and Fungal Oils in Human Health

  • D. Barre
  • Environmental Science
    Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism
  • 2001
It is hypothesized that elevation of DGLA and/or EPA in body phospholipid (PL) will be at the expense of the sometimes disease-promoting 2-series PG and 4-series LT (e.g. LTB5).

The nutritive value of hemp meal for ruminants

Hemp meal (HM) is derived from the processing of hemp (Cannabis Sativa L.) seeds. The objective of this study was to determine the nutritive value of HM for ruminants. Two ruminally fistulated cows

The effect of feeding hemp seed meal to laying hens

No significant differences were found between feed treatments for egg production, feed consumption, feed efficiency, body weight change or egg quality, and increasing dietary inclusion of HSM produced eggs with lower concentrations of palmitic acid and higher concentrations of linoleic and α-linolenic acids.

Oil content, tocopherol composition and fatty acid patterns of the seeds of 51 Cannabis sativa L. genotypes

The genotypes Fibrimon 56, P57, Juso 31, GB29, Beniko, P60, FxT, Félina 34, Ramo and GB18 were capable of producing the largest amounts of high quality hemp oil and significant positive correlations were detected between some fatty acids and some tocopherols.

Effect of dietary supplementation with black currant seed oil on the immune response of healthy elderly subjects.

BCSO has a moderate immune-enhancing effect attributable to its ability to reduce prostaglandin E(2) production.

Essential fatty acid metabolism and its modification in atopic eczema.

  • D. Horrobin
  • Medicine, Biology
    The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 2000
In most but not all studies, administration of GLA has been found to improve the clinically assessed skin condition, the objectively assessed skin roughness, and the elevated blood catecholamine concentrations of patients with atopic eczema.