Hemosporidian Parasites in Forest Birds from Venezuela: Genetic Lineage Analyses

@inproceedings{Mijares2012HemosporidianPI,
  title={Hemosporidian Parasites in Forest Birds from Venezuela: Genetic Lineage Analyses},
  author={Alfredo Mijares and Romel Rosales and Adriana Silva-Iturriza},
  booktitle={Avian diseases},
  year={2012}
}
SUMMARY. Avian hemosporidian parasites of the genera Haemoproteus, Plasmodium, and Leucocytozoon are transmitted by different dipteran vectors. In the present work, we looked for the presence of these parasites in 47 birds from 12 families, which were sampled in the migratory corridor Paso de Portachuelo, located at the Henri Pittier National Park, Venezuela. The presence of the parasites was evidenced by amplification of a region of 471 bp of their cytochrome b gene. This region of the marker… 
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Evidence is found for lower prevalence of haemosporidian infection associated with polygyny (where individual males mate with multiple females) in the Neotropics, confirming a pattern shown previously among Nearctic birds.
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A higher prevalence of haemosporidia at higher elevations and lower temperatures is documented, as well as an overall high diversity of lineages in the northern Andes, including the first sequences of hahemosporidians reported in hummingbirds.
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Spatial analyses revealed that richness and turnover in haemosporidia suggest an association with montane host diversity, according to elevation in the tropical Andes, which is closely associated with patterns of host assemblages over large geographical scale in the Tropical Andes and areas of avian endemism nearby.
Parasite Prevalence Corresponds to Host Life History in a Diverse Assemblage of Afrotropical Birds and Haemosporidian Parasites
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Nest type and nest location predicted infection probability for all three parasite genera, whereas flocking behavior is an important predictor of Plasmodium and Haemoproteus infection and habitat is anImportant predictor of Leucocytozoon infection.
Detección por PCR de Haemoproteus archilochus en Amazilia tzacatl (Trochilidae) en Colombia
La infección causada por haemosporidios en colibríes no ha sido estudiada en zonas agroforestales o urbanas de la vertiente occidental de la Cordillera Oriental de los Andes en el departamento de

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