Hemorrhagic fibrinonecrotic duodenitis-proximal jejunitis in horses: 20 cases (1977-1984).

@article{White1987HemorrhagicFD,
  title={Hemorrhagic fibrinonecrotic duodenitis-proximal jejunitis in horses: 20 cases (1977-1984).},
  author={Nathaniel A. White and David E. Tyler and R B Blackwell and D. N. DE G. Allen},
  journal={Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association},
  year={1987},
  volume={190 3},
  pages={311-5}
}
Records of 20 horses with small intestinal disease causing acute colic and affecting the proximal portion of the small intestine were examined retrospectively. The disease was characterized by severe to moderate pain, which was replaced by depression, fever, gastric reflux, slight distention of the affected small intestine, leukocytosis, and high concentrations of total protein in the peritoneal fluid. Grossly, the affected intestines were hemorrhagic and had yellow discoloration… CONTINUE READING