Hemodynamic properties of St. Jude medical and Björk-Shiley valvular prostheses in mitral position in the pulse duplicator.


A general lack of standardization of the pre-clinical testing of artificial valves leads to an actual comparison of different prosthetic models at the time of a first clinical trial, frequently with contradictory results. Therefore, a pulse duplicator was developed in order to compare different valves of comparable size under identical standardized… (More)


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