Hemodynamic parameters to guide fluid therapy

@inproceedings{Marik2011HemodynamicPT,
  title={Hemodynamic parameters to guide fluid therapy},
  author={Paul Ellis Marik and Xavier Monnet and Jean-Louis Teboul},
  booktitle={Annals of intensive care},
  year={2011}
}
The clinical determination of the intravascular volume can be extremely difficult in critically ill and injured patients as well as those undergoing major surgery. This is problematic because fluid loading is considered the first step in the resuscitation of hemodynamically unstable patients. Yet, multiple studies have demonstrated that only approximately 50% of hemodynamically unstable patients in the intensive care unit and operating room respond to a fluid challenge. Whereas under… CONTINUE READING
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