Hemodialysis treatment center early mortality rates for incident hemodialysis patients are associated with the quality of care prior to starting but not following onset of dialysis.

Abstract

BACKGROUND We examined the independent contribution of pre-ESRD (end-stage renal disease) care and care after starting hemodialysis (post-HD) with facility-specific mortality among incident patients. METHODS We studied 6,217 incident patients treated at 311 dialysis facilities. A pre-ESRD care score was assessed as the sum of quality measures met on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Form 2728, including predialysis nephrology and dietary care, having a fistula, hemoglobin and serum albumin. A post-HD care score was evaluated by the sum of quality targets attained, including HD adequacy, anemia, serum albumin and hemoglobin measured on an annual quality survey. A fifth post-HD care measure was having obtained an influenza vaccination during the current year. RESULTS Individual patient mortality was associated with both pre-ESRD (p < 0.001) and post-HD (p < 0.001) care scores. Linear regression models including both pre-ESRD and post-HD care scores showed that a 1-point increase in the pre-ESRD care score resulted in a 0.30 (95% CI: -0.47, -0.12) decreased facility standardized mortality ratio; no association for post-HD care score was noted (-0.11; 95% CI: -0.26, 0.04). CONCLUSION Pre-ESRD and post-HD care are both strongly associated with individual patient mortality. In contrast, only pre-ESRD care is associated with facility mortality, suggesting that early mortality reflects differences in pre-ESRD care in the community.

DOI: 10.1159/000326141

Cite this paper

@article{Kanda2011HemodialysisTC, title={Hemodialysis treatment center early mortality rates for incident hemodialysis patients are associated with the quality of care prior to starting but not following onset of dialysis.}, author={Eiichiro Kanda and Kevin F Erickson and T Christopher Bond and Jenna O Krisher and William Marvin McClellan}, journal={American journal of nephrology}, year={2011}, volume={33 5}, pages={390-7} }