Hemiballism: revisiting a classic disorder

@article{Posturna2003HemiballismRA,
  title={Hemiballism: revisiting a classic disorder},
  author={Ronald B Posturna and Anthony E. Lang},
  journal={The Lancet Neurology},
  year={2003},
  volume={2},
  pages={661-668}
}
Hemiballismus: current concepts and review.
Hemiballismus: A Rare Manifestation of Stroke. -
TLDR
A case of 48 years old male who presented to the emergency with the history of sudden onset of continuous involuntary flinging movements involving right upper and lower limbs for four hours and on medication there has been significant decrease in the involuntaryflinging movements within forty eight hours and complete resolution of involuntary movements after five days.
Treatment of Hemiballismus
Hemiballismus/hemichorea is characterized by unilateral, involuntary writhing and flinging movements of acute or subacute onset. It is seen most commonly secondary to stroke or nonketotic
Thrombolysis in hemiballism: is it a rational choice?
TLDR
A 74-year-old right-handed man, with a previous history of hypertension and dyslipidemia, presented a left motor disorder upon arrival at the emergency department (ED) of the hospital, and was decided that he should undergo off-label thrombolysis with alteplase, which revealed mild signs of chronic vascular leucoencephalopathy.
Levosulpiride-Associated Hemichorea
TLDR
A 63-year-old, right-handed woman with a history of hyperlipidemia presented at the authors' clinic with increasing involuntary, irregular, and purposeless movements of her lip, left arm, and leg, and was forced to stop medication after 1 week, as she complained of drowsiness.
Hemiballism a Case Report and Literature Review
TLDR
The clinical picture of a patient with hemiballism who jointly presents cerebrovascular alterations and the use of dopaminergic drugs is presented, showing an important improvement evidenced in the attached video.
Cortical Hemiballism: A Case of Hemiballismus Associated with Parietal Lobe Infarct
TLDR
Lesions affecting various areas outside the STN can cause hemiballism and usually carries a good prognosis with spontaneous resolution, and treatment with antipsychotics can be useful for severe and recurring symptoms.
Hyperglycemia-Associated Hemichorea-Hemiballismus with Predominant Ipsilateral Putaminal Abnormality on Neuroimaging
TLDR
A 76-year-old woman of Indian ancestry with diabetes mellitus and hypertension for 20 years, but no history of prior stroke, presented to a peripheral hospital in June 2018 after a fall due to acute-onset involuntary movements in the right upper and lower limb.
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References

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Prognosis in Hemiballismus
TLDR
The clinical picture consists of abrupt, rapidly executed, extensive, involuntary movements of the limbs of one-half of the body which continue unceasingly during the waking hours but subside with sleep.
Hemiballism: report of 25 cases.
TLDR
Ischaemic and haemorrhagic strokes were the cause in most patients and other causes were encephalitis, Sydenham's chorea, systemic lupus erythematosus, basal ganglia calcifications, non-ketotic hyperglycaemia, and tuberous sclerosis.
Hemiballism-hemichorea. Clinical and pharmacologic findings in 21 patients.
TLDR
In this series of 21 patients with hemiballism-hemichorea, an identifiable cause in all patients was found, and other subcortical structures may be involved in the pathogenesis of this hemihyperkinesia.
Hemiballism-hemichorea: clinical study in 23 Chinese patients.
TLDR
Hemiballism-hemichorea is predisposed to occur in older Chinese women, and metabolic disorder is an important etiology of the movement disorder.
Response of hemiballismus to haloperidol.
TLDR
In the case presently reported, treatment with haloperidol (Haldol) produced a prompt, marked, and sustained improvement in hemiballismus.
Some observations on hemiballismus
TLDR
The present study adds 2 further cases of hemiballismus, each with a unique character, to the world's literature, that of a woman with 3 transient episodes of ballistic movement, each associated with a rise in blood sugar.
Reversal of hemiballismus by tetrabenazine.
TLDR
Hemiballismus (hemichorea) is perhaps the most striking and gross example of involuntary movements with relatively less alteration of tone and posture than is commonly seen in basal ganglia disorders.
Clozapine in hemiballismus: report of two cases.
TLDR
It is suggested that clozapine may be a valuable alternative for patients with hemiballism after a period of nonresponsiveness to haloperidol, and amelioration of ballistic movements was observed only a few days after the initiation of clozAPine therapy.
Hemiballism and tremor due to ependymal cyst
TLDR
This case is unusual due to the presentation of hemiballism caused by ependymal cyst, which is associated with mass enlargement in a 21‐year‐old woman.
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