Helicobacters are indigenous to the human stomach: duodenal ulceration is due to changes in gastric microecology in the modern era.

@article{Blaser1998HelicobactersAI,
  title={Helicobacters are indigenous to the human stomach: duodenal ulceration is due to changes in gastric microecology in the modern era.},
  author={Martin J. Blaser},
  journal={Gut},
  year={1998},
  volume={43 5},
  pages={721-7}
}
Peptic ulcer disease has been considered to be a “disease of civilisation”. Yet Helicobacter pylori, which now is believed to play a critical role in this illness, 3 has probably been part of the human biota since time immemorial, and peptic (especially duodenal) ulceration seems to have become epidemic in humans at a time when H pylori was loosening its firm grip on the human stomach. These phenomena seem contradictory. It is the aim of this paper to describe the elements of the apparent… CONTINUE READING

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