Usefulness of the Immunological Rapid Urease Test for Detection of Helicobacter pylori in Patients Who are Reluctant to Undergo Endoscopic Biopsies
Helicobacter pylori infection could play a role in different clinical alterations observed in cirrhosis, from gastroduodenal lesions to hepatic encephalopathy. Although its prevalence in cirrhotics is similar to that in controls, H. pylori infection is responsible for the increased prevalence of peptic ulcer observed in these patients. The ammonia production by H. pylori urease does not seem to increase blood ammonia levels during cirrhosis, indicating that its role in hepatic encephalopathy could be marginalized in clinical practice. Dual and triple therapies have been shown to be equally effective for H. pylori eradication in these patients.