Heavy metal content of ayurvedic herbal medicine products.

  title={Heavy metal content of ayurvedic herbal medicine products.},
  author={Robert B Saper and Stefanos N. Kales and Janet Paquin and Michael J. Burns and David M Eisenberg and Roger B. Davis and Russell S. Phillips},
  volume={292 23},
CONTEXT Lead, mercury, and arsenic intoxication have been associated with the use of Ayurvedic herbal medicine product (HMPs. [] Key MethodDESIGN AND SETTING Systematic search strategy to identify all stores 20 miles or less from Boston City Hall that sold Ayurvedic HMPs from South Asia by searching online Yellow Pages using the categories markets, supermarkets, and convenience stores, and business names containing the word India, Indian cities, and Indian words.

Tables from this paper


Mercury and Arsenic are present in local Herbal & Ayurvedic liquid preparations far beyond the permissible limits as proposed by the International Regulatory Authorities for health drugs while the rest of metals are within the therapeutic limits.

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Lead, mercury, and arsenic in US- and Indian-manufactured Ayurvedic medicines sold via the Internet.

One-fifth of both US-Manufactured and Indian-manufactured Ayurvedic medicines purchased via the Internet contain detectable lead, mercury, or arsenic.

Heavy metal poisoning from Ayurvedic traditional medicines: an emerging problem?

There is an urgent need for studies to quantify the frequency and potential risk of heavy metal poisoning from Ayurvedic medicines and for culturally appropriate education to inform the public of the potential for toxicity associated with these products.


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Toxic metals and organochlorine pesticides residue in single herbal drugs used in important ayurvedic formulation – ‘Dashmoola’

Heavy metals except Hg, were present in most of the samples, but in few samples Pb and Cd concentration were beyond the WHO permissible limits, but other pesticides were not detected in these samples.

Monitoring of mercury, arsenic, and lead in traditional Asian herbal preparations on the Dutch market and estimation of associated risks

The mercury, arsenic, and lead contents of traditional herbal preparations used in Ayurveda, traditional Chinese medicine, and traditional Tibetan medicine remain a cause for concern and require strict control on the Dutch market.

Measurement of concentrations of six metals in Indian traditional medicine preparations and Sindoor powders

Many of Ayurvedic medicine preparations tested still contain toxic amounts of arsenic, mercury, and lead, which can pose serious health risks to their users.



Heavy metals in some Asian medicines and cosmetics.

Lead poisoning associated with the use of Ayurvedic metal-mineral tonics.

Ayurvedic metal-mineral tonics are again identified as a potential source of high lead and the import of such tonics should be strictly controlled.

Medicinal Herbs: A Potential Source of Toxic Metal Exposure for Man and Animals in India

It is concluded that prolonged consumption of such medicinal plants may be detrimental to health, and the role of toxic metals in drug-induced health hazards is determined.

Analysis of lead content in herbal preparations in Malaysia

It was showed that only 92% of the products complied with the quality requirement for traditional medicines in Malaysia, however, they cannot be assumed safe from lead contamination because of batch-to-batch inconsistency.

Lead poisoning from the use of Indian folk medicines.

The following case involves a non-Asian US resident who received treatment through "alternative medical" channels and was hospitalized with a 1-month history of increasing abdominal pain, obstipation, and weight loss.

Arsenic poisoning from anti-asthmatic herbal preparations.

Malignancy of the skin was present in six patients, and of the visceral samples, toxicological confirmation was found in half of the cases investigated, and the importance of arsenic poisoning by herbal preparations is discussed, as there are no known reports of their association.

Heavy metals in traditional Indian remedies

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  • 2001
It is suggested that heavy metals, particularly lead, have been a regular constituent of traditional Indian remedies and this has repeatedly caused serious harm to patients taking such remedies.

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There is an urgent need for the practitioners of the allopathic and non-allopathic systems of medicine in India to work together to optimise the risk-benefit profile of these medicines.

Lead and traditional Moroccan pharmacopoeia.

Lead poisoning associated with ayurvedic medications--five states, 2000-2003.

Culturally appropriate educational efforts are needed to inform persons in populations using traditional or folk medications of the potential health risks posed by these remedies.