Heavy-metal Pollution in the Sudbury Mining and Smelting Region of Canada, I. Soil and Vegetation Contamination by Nickel, Copper, and Other Metals

@article{Hutchinson1974HeavymetalPI,
  title={Heavy-metal Pollution in the Sudbury Mining and Smelting Region of Canada, I. Soil and Vegetation Contamination by Nickel, Copper, and Other Metals},
  author={Thomas C. Hutchinson and Lawrence Whitby},
  journal={Environmental Conservation},
  year={1974},
  volume={1},
  pages={123 - 132}
}
Soil, vegetation, and rainfall, have been collected in the vicinity of a nickel–copper smelter at Sudbury, Ontario. The region is a major producer of many metals, and the large areas of forest desolation in the vicinity have been ascribed to sulphur dioxide fumigations over the past 80 years. In the present study, attention has been focused on potentially toxic heavy metals. Very elevated soil levels of nickel and copper were found, with values up to 5,104 ppm Ni and 2,892 ppm Cu within 1.1 km… 
Heavy-metal Pollution in the Sudbury Mining and Smelting Region of Canada, II. Soil Toxicity Tests
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TLDR
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The present study demonstrates distribution and chemical forms of heavy metals in soils of the Almalyk mining and smelting industrial area along five transects. The study area is located in Almalyk,
Heavy-metal pollution and remediation of forest soil around the Harjavalta Cu-Ni smelter, in SW Finland
Heavy metals and sulphur have been emitted from the Cu-Ni smelter at Harjavalta since 1945. This article reviews the work that has been published in scientifi c journals after 1975 concerning heavy
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TLDR
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TLDR
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