Heating during infrared neural stimulation.

  title={Heating during infrared neural stimulation.},
  author={Rickard Liljemalm and Tobias Nyberg and Hans von Holst},
  journal={Lasers in surgery and medicine},
  volume={45 7},
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Infrared neural stimulation (INS) has recently evoked interest as an alternative to electrical stimulation. The mechanism of activation is the heating of water, which induces changes in cell membrane potential but may also trigger heat sensitive receptors. To further elucidate the mechanism, which may be dependent on cell type, a detailed description of the temperature distribution is necessary. A good control of the resulting temperature during INS is also necessary to… CONTINUE READING


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