Heartbeat detection and the experience of emotions

  title={Heartbeat detection and the experience of emotions},
  author={Stefan Wiens and Elizabeth Mezzacappa and Edward S. Katkin},
  journal={Cognition and Emotion},
  pages={417 - 427}
Although many theories of emotion hypothesise a crucial role for the self-perception of visceral activity, there has been little empirical investigation of the relationship between visceral self-perception and emotion. In this study, 52 undergraduates (19 males, 33 females) performed a heartbeat detection task and were classified as good (n=9) or poor (n=43) heartbeat detectors. Subjects were then presented with sets of two film clips, each targeting one of three different emotional valences… Expand
Interoceptive sensitivity and emotion processing: an EEG study.
  • B. Herbert, O. Pollatos, R. Schandry
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology
  • 2007
There is a significant and strong association between interoceptive sensitivity and the intensity of emotional experience as well as the central processing of emotional stimuli. Expand
On the relationship between interoceptive awareness, emotional experience, and brain processes.
The results demonstrate a strong relationship between the perception of cardiac signals and the cortical processing of emotional stimuli, as would be postulated for example by the James-Lange theory of emotions. Expand
Heart rate response after emotional picture presentation is modulated by interoceptive awareness.
A strong relationship between the perception of cardiac signals and the peripheral processing of emotional stimuli is demonstrated and statistical analyses revealed significantly stronger heart rate responses to pleasant and unpleasant stimuli in subjects with high interoceptive awareness. Expand
Interoceptive sensitivity predicts sensitivity to the emotions of others
This study used facial expressions to examine whether interoceptive sensibility modulated emotional experience in a social context and found that false responses to sad faces were closely related with an individual's degree of social anxiety. Expand
The Role of Peripheral Feedback in Emotional Experience With Music
Given evidence from other domains that peripheral feedback can influence emotional experience, two experiments are reported that investigate the role of physiological arousal in determining theExpand
Recent theories propose that subtle emotional feelings can guide decision-making when insufficient information about the source of those feelings exists. To assess whether emotion experiences possessExpand
Emotional intelligence and autonomic self-perception: Emotional abilities are related to visceral acuity
Abstract Emotional intelligence (EI) comprises the abilities of identifying and perceiving emotions, using emotions to facilitate cognition, understanding emotions, and managing emotions. We examinedExpand
Interoception in emotional expe rience
Purpose of review Many theories of emotion have postulated a close relationship of the feedback of physiological changes and their perception with emotional experience. This paper reviews recentExpand
Measuring Emotions Online: Expression and Physiology
Cyberemotions refer to emotions in networks that are a complex function of emotional states in individuals. Thus, measuring cyberemotions frequently involves attempts to estimate emotional states inExpand
The interplay of perceiving and regulating emotions in becoming infected with positive and negative moods
Abstract The study examined relations between individual differences in susceptibility to emotional contagion and two self-reported emotion-related skills (i.e., ‘perception of the emotions ofExpand


Heart beat perception and emotional experience.
The main assumption of the present study is that emotional experience is coupled to perception of bodily processes. From this it is deduced that individuals who show good perception of heart activityExpand
Laterality, emotionality, and heartbeat perception.
Examination of the nature of the relationship between hemispheric specialization and emotionality and the manner in which these variables influence individual differences in visceral perception indicated that good heartbeat perceivers made significantly more left lateral eye movements than poor perceivers on any of the emotional indicators. Expand
Visceral perception, anhedonia, and emotion
Comparing visceral perception (i.e. heartbeat detection) performance and a multi-component assessment of emotion in normal and anhedonic subjects found no correlation was found between anhedonia and visceral perception; however, anhedonics were significantly different from normals across several measures of heart rate, self-report, and facial expressions in response to emotion-eliciting slides. Expand
Blood, sweat, and tears: individual differences in autonomic self-perception.
  • E. Katkin
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychophysiology
  • 1985
The data indicate that there are substantial individual differences in the ability to learn to detect heartbeats, primary among these individual differences is gender–males appear to learn the discrimination more readily than females. Expand
Empirical assessment of visceral self-perception: individual and sex differences in the acquisition of heartbeat discrimination.
The results confirmed the validity of the new methodology for assessing heartbeat detection and also confirmed earlier observations that males are able to learn to detect their own heartbeats but females are not. Expand
The Interaction of Cognitive and Physiological Determinants of Emotional State
Publisher Summary The different emotions are accompanied by recognizably different bodily states, and the direct manipulation of bodily state, by drugs or surgery, also manipulates emotional state.Expand
Empirical assessment of visceral self-perception: Individual and sex differences in the acquisition of heartbeat discrimination.
: This study had two aims: (a) to test precisely the degree to which subjects can learn to discriminate their own heartbeats and (b) to pursue preliminary data suggesting that males and femalesExpand
Cognitive, social, and physiological determinants of emotional state.
The problem of which cues, internal or external, permit a person to label and identify his own emotional state has been with us since the days that James (1890) first tendered his doctrine that "theExpand
Affect intensity and cardiac arousal.
Data suggest that affect intensity, although unrelated to actual physiological arousal, is negatively related to the accuracy with which individuals perceive their own arousal. Expand
What is emotion?
  • M. Cabanac
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Behavioural Processes
  • 2002
It is proposed here that emotion is any mental experience with high intensity and high hedonic content (pleasure/displeasure), as a follow-up to a definition of consciousness as a four-dimensional experience. Expand