Heart rate variability. Standards of measurement, physiological interpretation, and clinical use

  title={Heart rate variability. Standards of measurement, physiological interpretation, and clinical use},
  author={Marek Malik and John Thomas Bigger and A. John Camm and Robert E. Kleiger and Alberto Malliani and Arthur J. Moss and Peter J. Schwartz},
  journal={European Heart Journal},

Heart rate turbulence.

An introduction to heart rate variability: methodological considerations and clinical applications

This book is designed to provide a comprehensive assessment of the strengths and limitations of HRV techniques in the clinic and on the interaction between prevailing heart rate and HRV.

Reproducibility of heart rate turbulence indexes in heart failure patients

Results showed that median HRT indexes might be preferred to commonly suggested mean values and that, although TO showed lower bias value than TS, TS can be considered much more reproducible than TO, comparing limits of agreements with normal values.

Heart rate variability and spontaneous baroreflex sequences: implications for autonomic monitoring during hemorrhage.

Analysis of heart rate variability and baroreflex sequences in hemorrhaging patients may provide advance recognition of those at risk for progression to shock and track early changes in autonomic function may improve resuscitation efforts for the hemodynamic compromised patient.

Heart rate variability: Measurement and emerging use in critical care medicine

The current understanding of the physiological basis of heart rate variability and the methods available for its measurement are reviewed, as well as the emerging use ofHeart rate variability analysis in intensive care medicine and conditions in whichheart rate variability has shown promise as a potential physiomarker of disease.

Origin of Heart Rate Variability and Turbulence: An Appraisal of Autonomic Modulation of Cardiovascular Function

HRV measures are of substantial utility to identify patients with an increased cardiac mortality and to evaluate autonomic control mechanisms, but their ability to capture specific levels of autonomiccontrol may be limited to controlled laboratory studies in relatively healthy subjects.

Heart rate variability and heart rate recovery as prognostic factors

HRV is a very easy and safe method if there is an available device and it is used for evaluation of the autonomic nervous system in many cardiovascular diseases, but also in other pathologies, but the best algorithm of this issue requires further studies.

Heart Rate Variability: Measurements and Risk Stratification

This chapter will focus on the application of HRV to risk stratification in adult patients with cardiac disorders, in particular, on the relation ofHRV to sudden cardiac death (SCD).

Autonomic dysfunction and heart rate variability with Holter monitoring: a diagnostic look at autonomic regulation

HRV represents a substantial tool for investigating the physiological conditions in healthy people that can have important implications in primary prevention and the understanding of gender differences, as well as in sport and occupational medicine.

Electrocardiographic Analysis of Heart Rate Variability in Aging Heart

The usefulness of electrocardiographic analysis of heart rate variability, focusing on senescent heart, is illustrated to illustrate the usefulness of prognostic and diagnostic markers to define the risk of death among elderly subjects.