Heart rate modulation in bystanding geese watching social and non-social events.

  title={Heart rate modulation in bystanding geese watching social and non-social events.},
  author={Claudia A F Wascher and Isabella B R Scheiber and Kurt K. Kotrschal},
  journal={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
  volume={275 1643},
Simply observing other individuals interacting has been shown to affect subsequent behaviour and also hormones in 'bystander' individuals. However, immediate physiological responses of an observer have been hardly investigated. Here we present results on individuals' heart rate (HR) responses during various situations, which occur regularly in a flock of greylag geese (Anser anser, e.g. agonistic encounters, vehicles passing by). We recorded simultaneously HR and behaviour of 21 semi-tame free… CONTINUE READING
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b Active and passive social support in families of greylag geese ( Anser anser )

  • I. B. R. Scheiber, B. M. Weiß, D. Frigerio, K. Kotrschal
  • Behaviour
  • 2005
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