Heart failure complicating acute myocardial infarction.

@article{Wolk1972HeartFC,
  title={Heart failure complicating acute myocardial infarction.},
  author={Moshe Wolk and Stephen S. Scheidt and Thomas Killip},
  journal={Heart failure clinics},
  year={1972},
  volume={3 4},
  pages={465-75}
}
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction (MI) to develop heart failure (HF) include an increased prevalence of MI, multivessel coronary artery disease, decreased left ventricular (LV) contractile reserve, impairment of LV diastolic relaxation, increased hypertension, LV hypertrophy, diabetes mellitus, valvular heart disease, and renal insufficiency. HF associated with acute MI should be treated with a loop diuretic. The use of nitrates, angiotensin-converting… CONTINUE READING

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The use of nitrates , angiotensin - converting enzyme inhibitors , angiotensin II receptor blockers , aldosterone antagonists , beta - blockers , digoxin , and positive inotropic drugs ; treatment of arrhythmias and mechanical complications ; and indications for use of implantable cardioverter - defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization is discussed .
The use of nitrates , angiotensin - converting enzyme inhibitors , angiotensin II receptor blockers , aldosterone antagonists , beta - blockers , digoxin , and positive inotropic drugs ; treatment of arrhythmias and mechanical complications ; and indications for use of implantable cardioverter - defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization is discussed .
The use of nitrates , angiotensin - converting enzyme inhibitors , angiotensin II receptor blockers , aldosterone antagonists , beta - blockers , digoxin , and positive inotropic drugs ; treatment of arrhythmias and mechanical complications ; and indications for use of implantable cardioverter - defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization is discussed .
The use of nitrates , angiotensin - converting enzyme inhibitors , angiotensin II receptor blockers , aldosterone antagonists , beta - blockers , digoxin , and positive inotropic drugs ; treatment of arrhythmias and mechanical complications ; and indications for use of implantable cardioverter - defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization is discussed .
The use of nitrates , angiotensin - converting enzyme inhibitors , angiotensin II receptor blockers , aldosterone antagonists , beta - blockers , digoxin , and positive inotropic drugs ; treatment of arrhythmias and mechanical complications ; and indications for use of implantable cardioverter - defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization is discussed .
The use of nitrates , angiotensin - converting enzyme inhibitors , angiotensin II receptor blockers , aldosterone antagonists , beta - blockers , digoxin , and positive inotropic drugs ; treatment of arrhythmias and mechanical complications ; and indications for use of implantable cardioverter - defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization is discussed .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
The use of nitrates , angiotensin - converting enzyme inhibitors , angiotensin II receptor blockers , aldosterone antagonists , beta - blockers , digoxin , and positive inotropic drugs ; treatment of arrhythmias and mechanical complications ; and indications for use of implantable cardioverter - defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization is discussed .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction ( MI ) to develop heart failure ( HF ) include an increased prevalence of MI , multivessel coronary artery disease , decreased left ventricular ( LV ) contractile reserve , impairment of LV diastolic relaxation , increased hypertension , LV hypertrophy , diabetes mellitus , valvular heart disease , and renal insufficiency .
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