Heart failure and nephropathy: catastrophic and interrelated complications of diabetes.

Abstract

Heart failure (HF) is a major contributor to poor quality of life, a leading cause of hospitalization, and cause of premature death. Both kidney disease and diabetes are major and independent risk factors for the development of heart failure, such that individuals with diabetic nephropathy are at especially high risk. Such patients not only are likely to… (More)

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Cite this paper

@article{Gilbert2006HeartFA, title={Heart failure and nephropathy: catastrophic and interrelated complications of diabetes.}, author={Richard E. Gilbert and Kim A Connelly and Darren J. Kelly and Carol A. Pollock and Henry Krum}, journal={Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN}, year={2006}, volume={1 2}, pages={193-208} }