Heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and asthma: numbers, facts, and challenges

@inproceedings{Lainscak2015HeartFC,
  title={Heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and asthma: numbers, facts, and challenges},
  author={Mitja Lainscak and Stefan D. Anker},
  booktitle={ESC heart failure},
  year={2015}
}
Heart failure (HF), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and asthma are considered as major health problems. They affect 1-3%, 4-10%, and 8-19% of population, respectively, and frequently coexist. Pulmonary function testing and echocardiography are needed for reliable diagnosis, but in clinical practice, diagnosis often is based on history and disease self-reporting. Concomitant HF can be diagnosed in about 20% of patients with COPD, and at least 50% had systolic dysfunction. In… CONTINUE READING