Heart Rate Variability, Prefrontal Neural Function, and Cognitive Performance: The Neurovisceral Integration Perspective on Self-regulation, Adaptation, and Health

@article{Thayer2009HeartRV,
  title={Heart Rate Variability, Prefrontal Neural Function, and Cognitive Performance: The Neurovisceral Integration Perspective on Self-regulation, Adaptation, and Health},
  author={Julian F. Thayer and Anita Lill Hansen and Evelyn Saus-Rose and Bj{\o}rn Helge Johnsen},
  journal={Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
  year={2009},
  volume={37},
  pages={141-153}
}
BackgroundIn the present paper, we describe a model of neurovisceral integration in which a set of neural structures involved in cognitive, affective, and autonomic regulation are related to heart rate variability (HRV) and cognitive performance.MethodsWe detail the pathways involved in the neural regulation of the cardiovascular system and provide pharmacological and neuroimaging data in support of the neural structures linking the central nervous system to HRV in humans. We review a number of… Expand
Variable heart rate and a flexible mind: Higher resting-state heart rate variability predicts better task-switching
TLDR
The neurovisceral integration model is tested by examining the relationship between vagally mediated resting-state HRV and performance in a task-switching paradigm that provides a relatively process-pure measure of cognitive flexibility and indicates that higher levels of vagallymediated resting- state HRV promote cognitive flexibility. Expand
Neurovisceral integration in the executive control network: A resting state analysis
TLDR
Right DLPFC-MFG seed pair provided strongest support for neurovisceral integration indexed by HF-HRV, low TA and shorter reaction time on the attention network task, suggesting hemispheric effect may underlie the inhibitory role of right PFC in the regulation of cardio-autonomic function, emotion, and executive attention. Expand
The link between resting heart rate variability and affective flexibility
  • M. Grol, R. de Raedt
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Cognitive, affective & behavioral neuroscience
  • 2020
TLDR
The relationship between resting HRV and performance on a task-switching paradigm in which participants shift attention between affective and nonaffective aspects of emotional material supports the neurovisceral integration model such that when greater flexibility can facilitate attentional avoidance of negative information—as seen in anxiety—it is related to lower restingHRV. Expand
A Neurovisceral Integrative Study on Cognition, Heart Rate Variability, and Fitness in the Elderly
TLDR
The regression models did not indicate that HRV mediates the relationship between cognition and physical fitness in the elderly, suggesting that age-related degeneration of autonomic control can affect aspects of NVI in this population. Expand
Is Low Heart Rate Variability Associated with Emotional Dysregulation, Psychopathological Dimensions, and Prefrontal Dysfunctions? An Integrative View
TLDR
It is pointed out that low HRV is associated with emotional dysregulation, worse cognitive performance, and transversal psychopathological conditions. Expand
Resting Heart Rate Variability Predicts Inhibitory Control Above and Beyond Impulsivity
TLDR
Heart rate variability has been linked to effective functioning of prefrontal-subcortical inhibitory circuits and the recognized role of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in executiv... Expand
Brain Neurotransmitters, Cognitive Control, and Resting Heart Rate Variability (rHRV) in the MRI Environment
TLDR
No significant correlations were found between rHRV and any of the main measures: prefrontal GABA concentration, emotional regulation or measures related to psychopathology, and the size of the current sample is small and hence may be underpowered to detect such relationships. Expand
Combined effect of prefrontal transcranial direct current stimulation and a working memory task on heart rate variability
TLDR
Sympathetic activity was not directly altered by tDCS, but was correlated with changes in WM performance, which suggests that the parasympathetic and sympathetic branches respond differentially due to similar, but distinct neural pathways. Expand
Focusing neurovisceral integration: cognition, heart rate variability, and cerebral blood flow.
TLDR
In 440 middle-aged men and women, resting HF-HRV was related to regional CBF derived from a resting arterial spin-labeled MRI scan and to seven neuropsychological tests of executive function, but regression modeling failed to support integrated central control of HF- HRV and executive function. Expand
Heart rate variability as a biomarker in health and affective disorders: A perspective on neuroimaging studies
TLDR
Evidence for the utility of HRV as a metric to inform targeted interventions to improve autonomic and affective dysregulation is considered, and research questions for further investigation are suggested. Expand
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