Heart, lungs, and blood as an integrated system: the alveolar-capillary barrier and the cardiorespiratory apparatus.

Abstract

The living organism is complex and depends on information transfer for its effective operation. One way to regard the organism is as a biological hierarchy in which each level not only serves a particular, circumscribed function but also contributes in an important way to the integrated performance of the organism as a whole. Two levels in the organization… (More)

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