Hearing loss in hydrocephalus: a review, with focus on mechanisms

  title={Hearing loss in hydrocephalus: a review, with focus on mechanisms},
  author={David Satzer and Daniel J. Guillaume},
  journal={Neurosurgical Review},
While neither hydrocephalus nor cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt placement is traditionally considered in the differential diagnosis of hearing loss, there is substantial evidence that CSF circulation and pressure abnormalities can produce auditory dysfunction. Several indirect mechanisms may explain association between hydrocephalus and hearing loss, including mass effect, compromise of the auditory pathway, complications of prematurity, and genetically mediated hydrocephalus and hearing loss… 

Hearing Loss in Patients with Shunt-Treated Hydrocephalus

Investigation of the alterations of hearing in patients with shunt treated hydrocephalus of non-tumor etiology and at least one year after implantation of ventriculo-peritoneal shunt found hearing pathology was found more often in shunt-treated patients with NPD retardation, poor functional status and low quality of life.

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: Revisiting the Hydrodynamics of the Brain

An institutional protocol is presented which has been accredited by international peers with promising results in diagnostic and outcome rates and evaluates the entire myriad of alterations a clinician might encounter whenever treating patients with this disorder.

Restoration of Balance and Unilateral Hearing Using Alternating and Filtering Auditory Training in Shunt-Treated Hydrocephalus Following Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Case Report

It is suggested that patients who undergo rehabilitation following stroke, SAH, and hydrocephalus might benefit from a rehabilitation program that includes hearing assessment and early improvement of hearing loss, leading to a shorter rehabilitation time.

A 1 Year Child with Hydrocephalus: A Case Report

This study mainly focuses on expert surgical management and excellent nursing care which leads to fast recovery of the patient without any postoperative complications and satisfaction of recovery.

The neurologist and the hydrops.

Some neurological conditions are defined, for which there is a particular interest in noninvasive investigations of endolymphatic hydrops, which could represent a useful tool for the diagnosis and follow-up, in some of these neurological disorders, related to a CSF pressure imbalance.

An Abnormal Accumulation of Cerebrospinal Fluid in the Cavities Deep Within the Brain

Hydrocephalus is characterised by head extension in newborn children and grownups and older children encounter migraine, impeded vision, cognitive challenges, lack of coordination and incontinence.

Neurological Symptoms of Intracranial Hypotension

Headaches presenting acutely after an intervention or trauma that is known to cause CSF leakage are easy to diagnose, however, a high degree of suspicion is required to make the diagnosis of spontaneous intracranial hypotension and understanding various neurological symptoms of intrusion may help clinicians.

Delayed Audio-Vestibular Symptoms in Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension

IH should be considered as a differential diagnosis in dizzy patient with tinnitus, hearing impairment even the typical orthostatic headache is not accompanied, and is thought to be related with insufficient treatment of IH.



Effects of Cerebrospinal Fluid Loss on Hearing

  • A. Walsted
  • Medicine
    Acta oto-laryngologica. Supplementum
  • 2000
Hearing was reversibly affected only in patients with leak of CSF, and changes in the constituent cochlear fluids due to a transitory reduction in the CSF and the perilymphatic volume with a compensatory endolymphatic expansion may be responsible for the observed findings.

Endolymphatic Hydrops and Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure: A 30-Year Update

  • A. Gordon
  • Medicine
    Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • 2013
The only case cited of CSF pressure reduction leading to resolution of hydrops was the study of shunted idiopathic aqueductal stenosis that prompted the review, and it was proposed that low, not high, CSF pressures induced the hydrops in these and other cases I reviewed.

Cerebrospinal fluid shunting and hearing loss in patients treated for medulloblastoma.

This study suggests an independent association between CSF shunting and hearing loss in children undergoing treatment for medulloblastoma, laying the foundation for a prospective study evaluating hearing Loss in children with shunts who are not treated with ototoxic therapy.

Hearing loss following ventriculoperitoneal shunt in communicating hydrocephalus patients: A pilot study

This study is aimed to show the relationship between ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts and hearing loss.

Resolution of hydrocephalus-associated sensorineural hearing loss after insertion of ventriculoperitoneal shunt.

This is the first clearly documented case of de novo sensorineural deafness caused by hydrocephalus, with subsequent improvement in hearing after shunt insertion, which is suggested to be a cause of unexplained hearing loss.

[A case of hearing loss caused by overdrainage of cerebrospinal fluid after ventriculo-peritoneal shunting procedure].

A case of intracranial hypotension syndrome due to overdrainage of cerebrospinal fluid presented with hearing loss after ventriculoperitoneal shunting procedure, which suggested that inner ear or auditory nerve lesion caused hearing disturbance.

Improvement of chronic hearing loss after shunt revision. A case report.

Hydrocephalus associated with vestibular schwannomas: perioperative changes in cerebrospinal fluid

Primary maximal tumor removal for VS with coexisting hydrocephalus avoids an unnecessary shunt and extended disease duration and elevated CSF protein secondary to the presence of a tumor contribute to the occurrence of Hydrocephalus.

Mechanisms of Hydrocephalus After Neonatal and Adult Intraventricular Hemorrhage

Evidence on the mechanisms and potential treatments for IVH-induced hydrocephalus is reviewed, which may lead to improved strategies to prevent and treat post-hemorrhagic Hydrocephalus.

Auditory function in raised intracranial pressure.