Hearing lips and seeing voices

@article{McGurk1976HearingLA,
  title={Hearing lips and seeing voices},
  author={H. McGurk and J. MacDonald},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1976},
  volume={264},
  pages={746-748}
}
MOST verbal communication occurs in contexts where the listener can see the speaker as well as hear him. However, speech perception is normally regarded as a purely auditory process. The study reported here demonstrates a previously unrecognised influence of vision upon speech perception. It stems from an observation that, on being shown a film of a young woman's talking head, in which repeated utterances of the syllable [ba] had been dubbed on to lip movements for [ga], normal adults reported… Expand
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