Hearing Voices and Listening to What They Say: The Importance of Voice Content in Understanding and Working With Distressing Voices

  title={Hearing Voices and Listening to What They Say: The Importance of Voice Content in Understanding and Working With Distressing Voices},
  author={Vanessa Beavan and John Read},
  journal={The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease},
  • V. Beavan, J. Read
  • Published 1 March 2010
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
The content of auditory hallucinations is sometimes dismissed as having little diagnostic/therapeutic importance. There is growing evidence that voice content may be crucial to understanding and working therapeutically with this experience. The aim of the present study is to explore, in a general population sample, the content and impact of voice-hearers' auditory hallucinations. A self-selected sample of 154 participants completed questionnaires about voice-hearing. A subsample of 50… 
Voices to reckon with: perceptions of voice identity in clinical and non-clinical voice hearers
The findings overall point to significant difficulties recognizing familiar speakers and discriminating between unfamiliar speakers in people with schizophrenia, both with and without AVH, as well as multidimensional scaling of voice dissimilarity judgments.
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ABSTRACT People hearing voices are often considered as those who need psychiatric and psychological treatment. There has been a lack of emphasis on understanding the meaning behind the voices and the
Voice-hearing and emotion: an empirical study
This survivor‒researcher-led project investigates emotional aspects of the experience of hearing voices in the general English adult population. Although voice-hearing is strongly associated with
Understanding the Experiences of Hearing Voices and Sounds Others Do Not Hear
The overall understanding of how the voices and sounds were experienced in daily life was that the intentions of others resounded intrusively in the participants and disrupted their lives.
Towards a definition of “hearing voices”: A phenomenological approach
Despite an increasingly comprehensive research literature on hearing voices, few attempts have been made to define the phenomenon and fewer still have sought to do so based on voice‐hearers'
Talking about hearing voices : a narrative analysis of experience
Introduction: People who hear voices can find the experience very distressing. Mental health services vary in their willingness to talk to voice hearers about their experiences. Medication, Cognitive
An ecological examination of proximal psychological mechanisms related to the experience of and therapy for distressing voices
Voice hearing (or auditory verbal hallucinations) is a commonly reported experience across a range of psychiatric diagnoses, and is often associated with high levels of distress and disruption to
Auditory verbal hallucinations and continuum models of psychosis: A systematic review of the healthy voice-hearer literature
Overall the results of the present systematic review support a continuum view rather than a diagnostic model, but cannot distinguish between ‘quasi’ and ‘fully’ dimensional models.
Hearing Voices: The Histories, Causes and Meanings of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations
The meanings and causes of hearing voices that others cannot hear (auditory verbal hallucinations, in psychiatric parlance) have been debated for thousands of years. Voice-hearing has been both
The relationship between appraisals of voices (auditory verbal hallucinations) and distress in voice-hearers with schizophrenia-spectrum diagnoses: A meta-analytic review
The findings of this evidence synthesis confirm that voice appraisals are an important and meaningful target for treatment in help-seeking voice hearers with psychosis and broadly corroborate cognitive-behavioural models of distressing voices.


Exploring the experience of hearing voices: A qualitative study
Aims: A trend has emerged in the last two decades which views hearing voices as a meaningful experience and attempts to facilitate both their exploration and the development of effective strategies
Cognitive assessment of voices: further developments in understanding the emotional impact of voices.
  • H. Close, P. Garety
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The British journal of clinical psychology
  • 1998
Compared to the previous study, current participants were significantly less likely to believe in the omnipotence of their voices, to view their voices as omniscient and to have a positive affective response to benevolent voices.
The omnipotence of voices. II: The Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ).
  • P. Chadwick, M. Birchwood
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science
  • 1995
The BAVQ was found to be easy to complete and the scale may aid clinical assessment of voices, not least because of the possible value of cognitive therapy as a treatment approach.
Depression, beliefs, voice content and topography: A cross-sectional study of schizophrenic patients with auditory verbal hallucinations
Twenty-one people diagnosed as schizophrenic by SCAN and hearing auditory hallucinations were assessed for depression and the nature of the voice content and beliefs about these using the Beck
Coping with hearing voices: an emancipatory approach.
Four coping strategies were apparent: distraction, ignoring the voices, selective listening to them, and setting limits on their influence.
Cognitive and emotional predictors of predisposition to hallucinations in non-patients.
It was found that positive beliefs about voices were significantly associated with predisposition to auditory hallucinations, and negative interpretations of voices were associated with endorsing the item assessing troublesome voices.
Auditory hallucinations: a comparison between patients and nonpatients.
The form and the content of chronic auditory hallucinations were compared in three cohorts, namely patients with schizophrenia, patients with a dissociative disorder, and nonpatient voice-hearers to present evidence that the form of the hallucinations experienced by both patient and non patient groups is similar, irrespective of diagnosis.
A comparison of auditory hallucinations in a psychiatric and non-psychiatric group.
Objectives. To compare auditory hallucinations in a psychiatric and non-psychiatric sample. Design. Between-participants group design: a psychiatric group of 14 patients with schizophrenia,
Voices of Reason, Voices of Insanity: Studies of Verbal Hallucinations
Part 1: The Daemon of Socrates. On the History of the Concept of Hallucination. The Sign of Socrates. What the Daemon of Socrates Could Do With Words. Part 2: The Gods of Achilles. Julian Jaynes on
The revised Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ-R).
The revised Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ-R) is more reliable and sensitive to individual differences than the original version, and reliably measures omnipotence.