Health selection vs. causation in the income gradient: what can we learn from graphical trends?

@article{Muennig2008HealthSV,
  title={Health selection vs. causation in the income gradient: what can we learn from graphical trends?},
  author={Peter Alexander Muennig},
  journal={Journal of health care for the poor and underserved},
  year={2008},
  volume={19 2},
  pages={574-9}
}
Income produces health, and sickness negatively affects earnings. These two factors likely explain the income gradient in health, but each has very different policy implications. In this paper, I examine graphical trends in mortality risk between low-income and higher-income people by age and gender. These trends suggest that forward causality (income affecting health) is more important than reverse causality (health affecting income) in the income-health gradient. However, there is some… CONTINUE READING

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