Health effects of radiation and other health problems in the aftermath of nuclear accidents, with an emphasis on Fukushima

@article{Hasegawa2015HealthEO,
  title={Health effects of radiation and other health problems in the aftermath of nuclear accidents, with an emphasis on Fukushima},
  author={Arifumi Hasegawa and Koichi Tanigawa and Akira Ohtsuru and Hirooki Yabe and Masaharu Maeda and Jun Shigemura and Tetsuya Ohira and Takako Tominaga and Makoto Akashi and Nobuyuki Hirohashi and Tetsuo Ishikawa and Kenji Kamiya and Kenji Shibuya and Shunichi Yamashita and Rethy Chhem},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2015},
  volume={386},
  pages={479-488}
}

Tables from this paper

Medical and health surveillance in postaccident recovery: experience after Fukushima
TLDR
The points that have been learned from the Fukushima accident from the perspective of SHAMISEN recommendations are introduced.
Towards long-term responses in Fukushima
Public health after a nuclear disaster: beyond radiation risks
TLDR
A brief review on post-disaster health in Fukushima prefecture is provided, highlighting areas in need of further recognition by medical professionals and policy-makers, including the risks faced by one vulnerable population: the elderly.
Comprehensive Health Risk Management after the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident.
  • S. Yamashita
  • Medicine
    Clinical oncology (Royal College of Radiologists (Great Britain))
  • 2016
NON-RADIOLOGICAL IMPACT OF A NUCLEAR EMERGENCY: PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE WITH THE FOCUS ON HEALTH
TLDR
There is a need to include the available scientific expertise and the technical, managerial and personal resources to be considered within a similar 'decision framework' that will apply to radiation emergencies.
Roles of children and their parents in the reduction of radiation risk after the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident
TLDR
Having a cautious attitude towards radiation and being aware of exposure risks proved to be significant in the reduction of external radiation dose in Fukushima residents.
Radiation Doses and Associated Risk From the Fukushima Nuclear Accident
  • T. Ishikawa
  • Environmental Science
    Asia-Pacific journal of public health
  • 2017
TLDR
Decontamination is in progress for most living areas in Fukushima Prefecture, which could reduce long-term external dose to residents, and recent articles suggest lower doses than those presented by the UNSCEAR 2013 report.
Thyroid Cancer Screening Program for Young People in Fukushima After the Nuclear Plant Accident
TLDR
Thyroid ultrasound examinations have been conducted as part of the Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS) commissioned by Fukushima Prefecture, and careful attention must be paid when interpreting screening results.
The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident and school bullying of affected children and adolescents: the need for continuous radiation education
TLDR
Continuous and sustained education regarding radiation is warranted in order to enhance the general knowledge level about the effects of radiation in Japan after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, and this education will become an important reference for education after future nuclear disasters.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 152 REFERENCES
A Framework for Estimating Radiation-Related Cancer Risks in Japan from the 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Accident
TLDR
A framework for estimating risks from the Fukushima nuclear accident after the March 11, 2011 Japanese major earthquake and tsunami is presented and may be used to update the risk estimates, when new population health statistics data, dosimetry information and radiation risk models become available.
Spatiotemporal Characteristics of Internal Radiation Exposure In Evacuees and First Responders after the Radiological Accident in Fukushima
TLDR
High internal 131I radioactivity in 6 people in a particular evacuation route could be explained by the arrival of a radioactive cloud with a high airborne 131I/137Cs ratio to the environment, as predicted by atmospheric dispersion simulations.
Study Protocol for the Fukushima Health Management Survey
TLDR
This long-term large-scale epidemiologic study is expected to provide valuable data in the investigation of the health effects of low-dose radiation and disaster-related stress.
Worker doses and potential health effects resulting from the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant in 2011
TLDR
The reliability of exposure scenarios used in the World Health Organization's Health Risk Assessment for Fukushima workers was examined and a radiation-related increase in thyroid cancer incidence is unlikely to be observed because of the small number of workers.
Thyroid doses for evacuees from the Fukushima nuclear accident
TLDR
Detailed measurements of the exposure to I-131 revealing I- 131 activity in the thyroid of 46 out of the 62 residents and evacuees measured are reported for the first time.
Assessment of Internal Exposure Doses in Fukushima by a Whole Body Counter Within One Month after the Nuclear Power Plant Accident
TLDR
The results suggest that the internal radiation exposure in Fukushima due to the intake of radioactive materials shortly after the accident will probably not result in any deterministic or stochastic health effects.
Emotional Consequences of Nuclear Power Plant Disasters
TLDR
It is important that non-mental health providers learn to recognize and manage psychological symptoms and that medical programs be designed to reduce stigma and alleviate psychological suffering by integrating psychiatric and medical treatment within the walls of their clinics.
Mental health consequences of the Chernobyl disaster.
  • E. Bromet
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of radiological protection : official journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
  • 2012
TLDR
The findings support the value of training non-psychiatrist physicians in recognizing and treating common mental health problems like depression in Fukushima patients and include standard measures of well-being in health monitoring after radiation accidents like Fukushima.
Measurements of Individual Radiation Doses in Residents Living Around the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant
TLDR
The exploratory committee of the Fukushima Health Management Survey mentions on its website that radiation from the accident is unlikely to be a cause of adverse health effects in the future, however, sincere scientific efforts must continue to obtain individual radiation doses that are as accurate as possible.
Acute intake of radionuclides immediately after the incident as the main contributor of the internal radiation exposure after Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.
TLDR
Transition of IRE among Minamisoma residents was monitored for children younger than 16 years, with biological half-lives of cesium in children up to age 15 years described as less than 93 days.
...
...