Health benefits of cycling: a systematic review

@article{Oja2011HealthBO,
  title={Health benefits of cycling: a systematic review},
  author={Pekka Oja and Sylvia Titze and Adrian Bauman and Bas de Geus and Patricia Krenn and Bill Reger-Nash and T Kohlberger},
  journal={Scandinavian Journal of Medicine \& Science in Sports},
  year={2011},
  volume={21}
}
The purpose of this study was to update the evidence on the health benefits of cycling. [] Key Result A systematic review of the literature resulted in 16 cycling-specific studies. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies showed a clear positive relationship between cycling and cardiorespiratory fitness in youths.
What Are the Health Benefits of Active Travel? A Systematic Review of Trials and Cohort Studies
TLDR
There is little robust evidence to date of the effectiveness of active transport interventions for reducing obesity, but there is suggestive evidence that active travel may have a positive effect on diabetes prevention, which may be an important area for future research.
Cycling as a Part of Daily Life: A Review of Health Perspectives
TLDR
The main pathways between cycling and health are reviewed and discussed under two perspectives — generalizable epidemiological evidence for health effects and specific impact modeling to quantify health impacts in concrete settings.
Health benefits of electrically-assisted cycling: a systematic review
TLDR
There was moderate evidence that e-cycling provided physical activity of at least moderate intensity, which was lower than the intensity elicited during conventional cycling, but higher than that during walking.
Cycling is associated with a lower incidence of cardiovascular diseases and death: Part 1 – systematic review of cohort studies with meta-analysis
TLDR
Any form of cycling seems to be associated with lower CVD risk, and thus, it is recommend cycling as a health-enhancing physical activity.
GENERAL PERSPECTIVE OF CYCLING IN CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH ASSOCIATED WITH AGING PROCESS
TLDR
This review will analyze the cardiac changes associated with the aging process that causes CVDs and to illustrate the advantage of optimum cycling in maintaining cardiovascular health.
Health benefits of cycle ergometer training for older adults over 70: a review
TLDR
Clinicians can now encourage older adults to profit from the health benefits of cycle ergometer training to be able to pursue their daily activities independently as a preventive approach to the care of older adults.
Effects of Commuter Cycling on Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health
TLDR
This study examined effects of CC on existing PA and EE, body composition and parameters of cardiovascular and metabolic health in adults who replace automotive forms of transport with cycling 1,2.
Associations between active school transport and physical activity, body composition, and cardiovascular fitness: a systematic review of 68 studies.
TLDR
It is suggested that AST should be promoted to increase PA levels in children and adolescents and that cycling to/ from school is associated with increased cardiovascular fitness.
Systematic review and meta-analysis of reduction in all-cause mortality from walking and cycling and shape of dose response relationship
TLDR
The analysis shows that walking and cycling have population-level health benefits even after adjustment for other physical activity (PA), and public health approaches would have the biggest impact if they are able to increase walked and cycling levels in the groups that have the lowest levels of these activities.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 38 REFERENCES
Cycling and health: an opportunity for positive change?
TLDR
Sikic et al suggest that people who ride bicycles should be registered, but requiring registration for all cyclists would not provide an accurate measure of cycling “exposure”, and would likely act as a significant deterrent to casual or occasional cycling.
Cycling and sports, but not walking, are associated with 10-year cardiovascular disease incidence: the MORGEN Study
TLDR
In this relatively active population, types of activities of at least moderate intensity, such as cycling and sports were associated with lower CVD incidence, whereas activities of lower intensity,such as walking and gardening, were not.
Influence of exercise, walking, cycling, and overall nonexercise physical activity on mortality in Chinese women.
TLDR
Findings add new evidence that overall physical activity levels are an important determinant of longevity, and that health benefit can be obtained through an active lifestyle, exercise, or combinations of both.
Re: "Influence of exercise, walking, cycling, and overall nonexercise physical activity on mortality in Chinese women".
TLDR
Findings add new evidence that overall physical activity levels are an important determinant of longevity, and that health benefit can be obtained through an active lifestyle, exercise, or combinations of both.
Longitudinal associations of cycling to school with adolescent fitness.
Do the Health Benefits of Cycling Outweigh the Risks?
TLDR
Whether the health benefits from the increased physical activity of a modal shift for urban commutes outweigh the health risks for individuals shifting their mode of transport is described.
Promoting walking and cycling as an alternative to using cars: systematic review
TLDR
The best available evidence of effectiveness in promoting a modal shift is for targeted behaviour change programmes, but the social distribution of their effects is unclear and some other types of intervention have yet to be rigorously evaluated.
[Health effects of cycling to and from work].
TLDR
This study shows that cycling to and from work may positively affect physiological variables and thereby have a beneficial health effect.
...
...