Health as a Theoretical Concept

@article{Boorse1977HealthAA,
  title={Health as a Theoretical Concept},
  author={Christopher Boorse},
  journal={Philosophy of Science},
  year={1977},
  volume={44},
  pages={542 - 573}
}
This paper argues that the medical conception of health as absence of disease is a value-free theoretical notion. Its main elements are biological function and statistical normality, in contrast to various other ideas prominent in the literature on health. Apart from universal environmental injuries, diseases are internal states that depress a functional ability below species-typical levels. Health as freedom from disease is then statistical normality of function, i.e., the ability to perform… Expand
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