Health anxiety disorders: a cognitive construal.

@article{Rachman2012HealthAD,
  title={Health anxiety disorders: a cognitive construal.},
  author={Stanley J. Rachman},
  journal={Behaviour research and therapy},
  year={2012},
  volume={50 7-8},
  pages={
          502-12
        }
}
  • S. Rachman
  • Published 1 August 2012
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Behaviour research and therapy
The features of severe health anxiety, intense and persistent anxiety about one's present and future health, are described. In common with other anxiety disorders such as GAD, PTSD and OCD, the core of HAD is distressing, uncontrollable anxiety, and is classifiable as an Anxiety Disorder, Health Anxiety Disorder (HAD). The cognitive construal of HAD proposes that health anxiety is caused by catastrophic misinterpretations of the significance of sensations and/or changes in bodily functions and… Expand
Illness Anxiety Disorder: Psychopathology, Epidemiology, Clinical Characteristics, and Treatment.
TLDR
An understanding of the core psychopathology and clinical features of illness anxiety disorder is essential to fostering a working alliance with patients with health anxiety, as is the maintenance of an empathic, curious, and nonjudgmental stance toward their anxiety. Expand
Maintaining Mechanisms of Health Anxiety: Current State of Knowledge
Severe health anxiety is the preoccupation that one has or will acquire a severe medical disease and impairs individual’s functioning in the psychological, social, professional, and other domains ofExpand
Health Anxiety
Abstract. Health anxiety, characterized by excessive concern about one’s health, is a serious and costly public health problem. The disorder might become chronic if left untreated. Unfortunately manyExpand
Autobiographical Memory and Episodic Future Thinking in Severe Health Anxiety: A Comparison with Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder
Severe health anxiety is characterized by intrusive worries about harboring a serious illness. In the present study, 32 patients with severe health anxiety, 32 control participants and a clinicalExpand
The Relationship of Hypochondriasis to Anxiety, Depressive, and Somatoform Disorders.
TLDR
Analysis of comorbidity patterns and continuous measures of symptoms suggest that the entity of health anxiety is a clinical syndrome distinct from other psychiatric disorders, and its appropriate classification is with anxiety rather than somatoform or mood disorders. Expand
A Preliminary Investigation into Worry about Mental Health: Development of the Mental Health Anxiety Inventory
TLDR
Preliminary results suggest that a small proportion of adults in the community may experience high levels of mental health anxiety requiring treatment, and that the MHAI, if validated further, could be a useful tool for assessing this form of anxiety. Expand
Health anxiety and illness behaviour in children of mothers with severe health anxiety.
TLDR
The findings suggest that severe maternal health anxiety only weakly affects children's own report of health anxiety symptoms and hence may not be a strong risk factor for the development and clinical presentation of excessive health anxiety Symptoms early in life, i.e. in children aged 8-17 years. Expand
The classification of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders in the ICD-11.
TLDR
The proposed grouping includes obsessive-compulsive disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, hypochondriasis, olfactory reference disorder, and hoarding disorder, which is based on common clinical features of included disorders including repetitive unwanted thoughts and associated behaviours and is supported by emerging evidence from imaging, neurochemical, and genetic studies. Expand
Illness-related intrusive thoughts and illness anxiety disorder.
TLDR
Support is provided for the cognitive explanatory model of IAD and its usefulness in clinical practice and indicates that the way people interpret and react to naturally occurring intrusive thoughts about illness seems to be a vulnerability marker for developing an illness anxiety disorder. Expand
Catastrophic Thinking: A Transdiagnostic Process Across Psychiatric Disorders
Since the description of catastrophizing by Ellis (Reason and emotion in psychotherapy. Lyle Stuart, Oxford, 1962) as a general factor in psychopathology, numerous studies have explored thisExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 86 REFERENCES
Health anxiety, hypochondriasis, and the anxiety disorders.
TLDR
Comparison of SHAI scores across groups of patients with various anxiety disorders revealed elevated levels of health anxiety among patients with hypochondriasis and panic disorder relative to those with other anxiety disorders, and receiver operating characteristic analyses supported the utility of the SHAI as a diagnostic tool for screening patients with Hypochondria utilizing empirically derived cut scores. Expand
The Psychopathology of Self-Assessed Health:A Cognitive Approach to Health Anxiety and Hypochondriasis
This paper reviews the relevant cognitive research on health anxiety and hypochondriasis, as well as research examining temperament/personality and social developmental factors relevant to health andExpand
Health anxiety levels in chronic pain clinic attenders.
TLDR
The current finding that high levels of health anxiety are indeed very common in chronic pain indicates the potential value of an application of the cognitive-behavioural health anxiety model to at least the subgroup of highly health-anxious chronic pain patients. Expand
Is Hypochondriasis Related to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Panic Disorder, or Both? An Empirical Evaluation
Although hypochondriasis (HC) is considered a somatoform disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text revision), some authors have pointed out that theExpand
Cognitive and perceptual variables in hypochondriasis and health anxiety: a systematic review.
TLDR
The results generally supported the central tenets of the cognitive-behavioral model of hypochondriasis and health anxiety, and there was little evidence that individuals high in health anxiety are actually more accurate perceivers of the their own autonomic processes. Expand
Irrational health beliefs and health anxiety.
TLDR
The findings suggest that the range of dysfunctional beliefs associated with health anxiety is greater than was initially described by the cognitive-behavioral model. Expand
The Health Anxiety Inventory: development and validation of scales for the measurement of health anxiety and hypochondriasis
TLDR
The HAI is a reliable and valid measure of health anxiety and likely to be useful as a brief screening instrument, as there is a short form which correlates highly with the longer version. Expand
The relationship of hypochondriasis to anxiety disorders.
  • R. Noyes
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • General hospital psychiatry
  • 1999
TLDR
Hypochondriasis is distinct from the anxiety disorders but, because of phenomenological similarities and extensive comorbidity, consideration should be given to classifying it among them. Expand
Reexamining the domain of hypochondriasis: comparing the Illness Attitudes Scale to other approaches.
TLDR
Investigation of utility of the Illness Attitudes Scale found the fear of illness and pain dimension and the symptom effects dimension consistently shared stronger relations with the anxiety-related constructs compared to the other three IAS dimensions. Expand
Health complaints, stress, and distress: exploring the central role of negative affectivity.
TLDR
Results demonstrate the importance of including different types of health measures in health psychology research, and indicate that self-report health measures reflect a pervasive mood disposition of negative affectivity (NA), which will act as a general nuisance factor in health research. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...