Health Risks and Psychosocial Outcomes of Early Childbearing: A Review of the Literature

  title={Health Risks and Psychosocial Outcomes of Early Childbearing: A Review of the Literature},
  author={Deborah Koniak-Griffin and Carmen Turner-Pluta},
  journal={The Journal of Perinatal \& Neonatal Nursing},
This article presents a review of the literature on the obstetric, medical, and neonatal health risks as well as psychosocial outcomes associated with early childbearing. An important concern in adolescent pregnancies is the increased risk for infant morbidity and mortality as a result of higher incidence of preterm births and low-birthweight infants. Implications for prenatal and postpartum nursing care are discussed. Promising new models to improve care of young mothers and their children… 
Adolescent parents and their children - The paediatrician's role.
Paediatricians should be aware of the areas in which problems can develop, including maternal nutrition and emotional health, and infant growth and development.
Pregnancy Outcomes of Adolescents Enrolled in a CenteringPregnancy Program
Evaluation data suggest that the CenteringPregnancy model of group prenatal care has encouraged excellent health care compliance, satisfaction with prenatal care, and low rates of preterm birth and low birth weight infants.
The Mental Health Needs of Low-Income Pregnant Teens
The psychosocial problems of pregnant urban teens and how exposure to interpersonal trauma and current mental health problems may affect their prenatal health behavior are described, a vulnerable arena that has significance for infant development.
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Nursing care for the physical, emotional, and educational needs of adolescents during the prenatal, intrapartum, and postpartum periods of pregnant adolescents is explored.
What is the Impact of Obesity on Adolescent Pregnancy
Collaborative Approaches to Prenatal Care: Strategies of Successful Adolescent Programs
3 successful prenatal programs that use a collaborative and interprofessional approach to caring for pregnant adolescents: group prenatal care, school-based programs, and age-specific clinics are highlighted.
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A medical home model with comprehensive and integrated medical care and social services can effectively address the complex needs of adolescent parents and their children.


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Paying increased attention to some situational barriers such as problems with child care or transportation, and a number of psychosocial factors such as unplanned pregnancy and negative feelings about medical care, holds promise in achieving improved utilization of prenatal care.
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There were no differences in complications during pregnancy, delivery method or outcome of pregnancy as measured by perinatal mortality and morbidity and anemia post partum existed more often in the teenage group, and teenager's newborns were also lighter than those of the controls.
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Early program outcomes indicate reduced premature birth rates for both groups compared with national data on adolescent mothers, and fewer days of infant hospitalization during the first 6 weeks postpartum for the EIP participants.
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Research is needed to describe the metabolic response to gestation during various phases of adolescent physical development and how to best nourish both the adolescent mother and her fetus.
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It appears that pregnancy, labor, and delivery do not pose inordinate obstetric and medical risk to the very young adolescent primipara, and obstetric concerns regarding pregnancy in early adolescence may be unfounded.
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It is suggested that teenage pregnant mothers be given more specialised supervision during antenatal period and at delivery; while efforts should be made to reduce the incidence of teenage pregnancy through scholarship programs for the education of girls.
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Adolescent parenthood and child maltreatment rank as two of this country’s leading contemporary social problems. Both problems seem, thus far, to be impervious to effective control, despite