Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years.

  title={Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25
  author={Ashkan Afshin and Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar and Marissa Bettay Reitsma and Patrick J Sur and Kara Estep and Alex C. M. Lee and Laurie Marczak and Ali H. Mokdad and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Mohsen Naghavi and Joseph S. Salama and Theo Vos and Kalkidan Hassen Abate and Cristiana Abbafati and Muktar Beshir Ahmed and Ziyad Al-Aly and Ala'a Alkerwi and Rajaa Mohammad Salem Al-Raddadi and Azmeraw T Amare and Adeladza Kofi Amegah and Erfan Amini and Alemayehu Amberbir and Stephen Marc Amrock and Ranjit Mohan Anjana and Johan {\"A}rnl{\"o}v and Hamid Asayesh and Amitava Banerjee and Aleksandra Bara{\'c} and Estifanos Baye and Derrick Bennett and Masako Horino Berger and Addisu Shunu Beyene and Sibhatu Biadgilign and Stan H. Biryukov and Espen Bjertness and Ismael Ricardo Campos-Nonato and Juan Jes{\'u}s Carrero and Pedro Cec{\'i}lio and Kelly Cercy and Liliana G. Ciobanu and Leslie Cornaby and Solomon Abrha Damtew and Lalit Dandona and Rakhi Dandona and Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne and Bruce Bartholow Duncan and Babak Eshrati and Alireza Esteghamati and Valery Feigin and Jo{\~a}o C{\^a}ndido Fernandes and Thomas F{\"u}rst and Tsegaye Tewelde Gebrehiwot and Audra L. Gold and Philimon Nyakauru Gona and Atsushi Goto and Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold and Kokeb Tesfamariam Hadush and Nima Hafezi-Nejad and Simon I. Hay and Maria In{\^e}s Schmidt and Farhad Islami and Dube Jara Boneya and Ritul Kamal and Ami Kasaeian and Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi and Andre Pascal Kengne and Chandrasekharan Nair Kesavachandran and Yousef S Khader and Young Ho Khang and Jagdish Khubchandani and Daniel Kim and Yun Jin Kim and Yohannes Kinfu and Soewarta Kosen and Tiffany Ku and Barth{\'e}lemy Kuate Defo and G. Suvarna Kumar and Heidi J. Larson and Mall Leinsalu and Xiaofeng Liang and Stephen S. Lim and Patrick Liu and Alan D Lopez and Rafael Lozano and Azeem Majeed and Reza Malekzadeh and Deborah Carvalho Malta and Mohsen Mazidi and Colm Mcalinden and Steve McGarvey and Desalegn Tadese Mengiste and Zerihun Menlkalew Zenebe and George A. Mensah and Gert B. M. Mensink and Haftay Berhane Mezgebe and Erkin M. Mirrakhimov and Ulrich Otto Mueller and Jean Jacques N. Noubian and Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer and Felix Akpojene Ogbo and Mayowa O Owolabi and George C. Patton and Farshad Pourmalek and Mostafa Qorbani and Anwar Rafay and Rajesh Kumar Rai and Chhabi Lal Ranabhat and Nikolas Reinig and Saeid Safiri and Joshua A Salomon and Juan Ramon Sanabria and Itamar de Souza Santos and Benn Sartorius and Monika Sawhney and Josef Schmidhuber and Aletta Elisabeth Schutte and Sadaf G Sepanlou and Moretza Shamsizadeh and Sara Sheikhbahaei and Min-Jeong Shin and Rahman Shiri and Ivy J. Shiue and Hirbo Shore and Diego Augusto Santos Silva and Jonathan I Silverberg and Jasvinder Singh and Saverio Stranges and S. S. Swaminathan and Rafael Tabar{\'e}s-Seisdedos and Fentaw Tadese and Bemnet Amare Tedla and Balewgizie Sileshi Tegegne and Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi and J. S. Thakur and Marcello Tonelli and Roman Top{\'o}r-Mądry and Stefanos Tyrovolas and Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja and Olalekan A Uthman and Masoud Vaezghasemi and Tommi Vasankari and Vasiliy Vlassov and Stein Emil Vollset and Elisabete Weiderpass and Andrea Werdecker and Joshua Wesana and Ronny Westerman and Yuichiro Yano and Naohiro Yonemoto and Gerald Yonga and Zoubida Zaidi and Ben Zipkin and C. J. Murray},
  booktitle={The New England journal of medicine},
BACKGROUND Although the rising pandemic of obesity has received major attention in many countries, the effects of this attention on trends and the disease burden of obesity remain uncertain. METHODS We analyzed data from 68.5 million persons to assess the trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adults between 1980 and 2015. Using the Global Burden of Disease study data and methods, we also quantified the burden of disease related to high body-mass index (BMI… CONTINUE READING

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Body-mass index and all-cause mortality: individual-participant-data meta-analysis of 239 prospective studies in four continents

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