Health, Inequality, and Economic Development

@article{Deaton2001HealthIA,
  title={Health, Inequality, and Economic Development},
  author={Angus Deaton},
  journal={Health Economics eJournal},
  year={2001}
}
  • A. Deaton
  • Published 1 June 2001
  • Economics
  • Health Economics eJournal
I explore the connection between income inequality and health in both poor and rich countries. I discuss a range of mechanisms, including nonlinear income effects, credit restrictions, nutritional traps, public goods provision, and relative deprivation. I review the evidence on the effects of income inequality on the rate of decline of mortality over time, on geographical pattens of mortality, and on individual-level mortality. Much of the literature needs to be treated skeptically, if only… Expand
Poverty, Income Inequality and Health
The purpose of this report is to consider the legitimacy of the assumption that communities or societies with more unequal income distributions have poorer health outcomes. We present a criticalExpand
Income inequality and population health: correlation and causality.
  • S. Babones
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Social science & medicine
  • 2008
TLDR
It can be concluded that there is a strong, consistent, statistically significant, non-artifactual correlation between national income inequality and population health, but though there is some evidence that this relationship is causal, the relative stability of income inequality over time in most countries makes causality difficult to test. Expand
Income inequality, health and development – In search of a pattern
There is an on-going debate as to whether health is negatively affected by economic inequality. Still, we have limited knowledge of the mechanisms relating inequality to individual health and veryExpand
Health and Inequality
We examine the relationship between income and health with the purpose of establishing the extent to which the distribution of health in a population contributes to income inequality and is itself aExpand
Perspectives article: income inequality, health, and household welfare
  • A. Monheit
  • Economics
  • Review of Economics of the Household
  • 2021
The growth in US income inequality since the late 1970s has directed much public policy attention to the macroeconomic and political factors contributing to such growth. In this review, I focus onExpand
Income Inequality and Wellbeing
This study investigates the effect of income inequality (gini) on health outcomes across U.S. counties using recent data. Health outcomes are both subjective and objective: mentally and physicallyExpand
The Socioeconomic Determinants of Health: Economic Growth and Health in the OECD Countries during the Last Three Decades
TLDR
The high economic growth observed in the last decades, together with an increase in the levels of income inequality and/or poverty, explain the observed changes of the Health Human Development Index, particularly when this indicator is weighted by health inequality. Expand
Income Inequality and Mortality: The Costa RIcan Case
In recent decades there has been much debate on the extent to which income inequality affects health outcomes. The majority of studies in this literature have examined the relationship between incomeExpand
Inequality, Wealth and Health: Is Decreasing Income Inequality the Key to Create Healthier Societies?
The idea that the level of stratification of societies contributes to the well-being of their members is gaining popularity. We contribute to this debate by investigating whether reducingExpand
Impact of Income Inequality on Health: Does Environment Quality Matter?
This paper examines the link between health indicators, environmental variables, and income inequalities. Theoretically, all the mechanisms described in the literature underline a negative impact ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 338 REFERENCES
Poverty, Income Inequality and Health
The purpose of this report is to consider the legitimacy of the assumption that communities or societies with more unequal income distributions have poorer health outcomes. We present a criticalExpand
Inequalities in Income and Inequalities in Health
What is inequality in health? Are economists' standard tools for measuring income inequality relevant or useful for measuring it? Does income protect health and does income inequality endanger it? IExpand
Relative Deprivation, Inequality, and Mortality
I present a model of mortality and income that integrates the 'gradient,' the negative relationship between income and mortality, with the Wilkinson hypothesis, that income inequality poses a risk toExpand
Income inequality and population health.
TLDR
There is very little support for the view that income inequality is associated with variations in average levels of national health in rich industrial countries, and some possible explanations are outlined. Expand
Income inequality and health: what does the literature tell us?
TLDR
Overall, the absolute-income hypothesis is still the most likely to explain the frequently observed strong association between population health and income inequality levels. Expand
Commentary: Income inequality summarises the health burden of individual relative deprivation
TLDR
The paper suggests that the relation between population mortality and inequality reflects the health implications of a person's relative income rather than any effects of wider societal processes. Expand
Income inequality and population health
TLDR
A novel area of research was born, adding new perspectives to conventional studies of health inequalities, and the debate on income inequality versus mortality acted as a strong stimulus for further work on factors such as social cohesion and social capital. Expand
Income and health: the time dimension.
TLDR
Investigating the relationship between income and health for adult participants in the British Household Panel Survey from 1991 to 1996/97 suggests that there is a causal relationship between low income and poor health. Expand
Health, Income and Economic Development
There is a strong positive relationship between income and health throughout the world. If part of this association represents a causal effect from income to health, then the maintenance and supportExpand
Mortality, Education, Income, and Inequality Among American Cohorts
TLDR
The results on individuals show that income reduces the risk of death, and does so even controlling for education, and there is no evidence that recent increases in inequality raised mortality beyond what it would otherwise have been. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...