Heads-up intraoperative endoscopic imaging: a prospective evaluation of techniques and limitations.

@article{Levy1997HeadsupIE,
  title={Heads-up intraoperative endoscopic imaging: a prospective evaluation of techniques and limitations.},
  author={Michael L Levy and J. D. Day and Felipe Albuquerque and Greg L Schumaker and Steven l. Giannotta and J G Mccomb},
  journal={Neurosurgery},
  year={1997},
  volume={40 3},
  pages={526-30; discussion 530-1}
}
OBJECTIVE Endoscopes have been used adjunctively for spinal and cranial microsurgical procedures and directly for ventricular exploration, fenestration, and catheterization. Technological advances now allow for multi-imaging technologies, including a so-called "heads-up display," allowing the surgeon to view the operative field and the endoscopic image simultaneously. INSTRUMENTATION A high-resolution, active matrix liquid crystal display is built into the frame of the eyewear, with a display… CONTINUE READING