Headphone use and pedestrian injury and death in the United States: 2004–2011

@article{Lichenstein2012HeadphoneUA,
  title={Headphone use and pedestrian injury and death in the United States: 2004–2011},
  author={Richard Lichenstein and Daniel Clarence Smith and Jordan Lynne Ambrose and Laurel Anne Moody},
  journal={Injury Prevention},
  year={2012},
  volume={18},
  pages={287 - 290}
}
Background The association between distraction caused by cell phone use while driving and driver/passenger fatalities has been documented, but the safety risks associated with headphone use by pedestrians remains unknown. Objective To identify and describe pedestrian–vehicle crashes in which the pedestrian was using headphones. Methods A retrospective case series was conducted by searching the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System, US Consumer Product Safety Commission, Google News… 
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