Heading for Higher Ground: Factors Affecting Real and Hypothetical Hurricane Evacuation Behavior

  title={Heading for Higher Ground: Factors Affecting Real and Hypothetical Hurricane Evacuation Behavior},
  author={John C. Whitehead and Bob Edwards and Marieke M. Van Willigen and John R. Maiolo and Kenneth Wilson and Kevin Tyndall Smith},
  journal={Global Environmental Change Part B: Environmental Hazards},
The purpose of this paper is to assess the determinants of hurricane evacuation behavior of North Carolina coastal households during Hurricane Bonnie and a future hypothetical hurricane. We use the data from a telephone survey of North Carolina coastal residents. Hypothetical questions are used to assess whether respondents will evacuate and where in the case of a future hurricane with varying intensities. We examine the social, economic, and risk factors that affect the decisions to evacuate… 

Tables from this paper

Why Don't Coastal Residents Choose to Evacuate for Hurricanes?
A multinomial choice framework was used to analyze data from hypothetical storm forecast scenarios administered via mail survey to a random sample of U.S. Gulf Coast residents. Results indicate that
Factors Affecting Hurricane Evacuation Intentions.
Results reinforce the value of focusing hurricane information efforts on evacuation plans and residential vulnerability and suggest avenues for future research on how hurricane contexts shape decision making.
Understanding Hurricane Evacuation Decisions Under Contingent Scenarios: A Stated Preference Approach
We conduct a stated preference analysis to understand the factors that individual households take into consideration to evacuate during hurricanes. In designing the contingent scenarios for
Understanding Hurricane Evacuation Planning in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic United States
AbstractThis study investigates planned evacuation logistics, including primary destination and means of transportation, in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic United States. Using responses to an
Household Evacuation Planning and Preparation for Future Hurricanes: Role of Utility Service Disruptions
We analyzed data from a survey administered to 1,212 respondents living in superstorm Hurricane Sandy-affected areas. We estimated the effect of having experienced hurricane-induced disruptions to
Fleeing the storm(s): an examination of evacuation behavior during florida’s 2004 hurricane season
The strength of the hurricane and the vulnerability of the housing unit had the greatest impact on evacuation behavior; additionally, several demographic variables had significant effects on the probability of evacuating and the choice of evacuation lodging (family/friends, public shelters, or hotels/motels).
Changes in Evacuation Decisions between Hurricanes Ivan and Katrina
Hurricanes cause some of the worst traffic conditions, affecting evacuees’ ability to reach safety before they are subjected to high winds, heavy rain, and flooding. This paper is one of the few to
Determinants of full and partial household evacuation decision making in hurricane matthew
Abstract This paper adds partial household evacuation to the traditional binary evacuate/stay decision. Based on data from a survey of Jacksonville, FL residents after Hurricane Matthew, multinomial
An Empirical Evaluation of the Determinants of Household Hurricane Evacuation Choice
In this study, we implement a set of probit models to analyze the determinants of household hurricane evacuation choice for a sample of 1,355 households in Florida. This article contributes to the
An empirical evaluation of the determinants of tourist's hurricane evacuation decision making
Tourists are vulnerable in the event of a crisis. This article is focused on examining aspects of tourists that potentially influence whether or not they evacuate in the event of a hurricane. In


Hurricane evacuation behavior
Researchers have conducted sample surveys following at least twelve hurricanes from 1961 through 1989 in almost every state from Texas through Massachusetts. The resulting database is larger than
Crying wolf: Repeat responses to hurricane evacuation orders
This article examines the evacuation behavior of residents in two South Carolina communities, Hilton Head and Myrtle Beach, during the 1996 hurricane season. Two hurricanes that approached South
A Study of Pet Rescue in Two Disasters
Predisaster planning should, therefore, place a higher priority on facilitating pet evacuation so as to minimize the subsequent need to rescue pets.
Families in Disaster: Reactions and Relatives
In response to a massive flood which struck the metropolitan area of Denver, Colorado, June 16, 1965, approximately 3,700 families were evacuated from their homes. Interviews with a random sample of
Disaster Responses within the Tourist Industry
Reflecting a series of converging international trends, the tourist industry represents a vulnerability of catastrophic potential. Interview and questionnaire data obtained from 185 owners or
This study of Hurricane Diana notes three areas of particular interest: its complex meteorological and hydrological characteristics; the fact that it struck an area where there have been significant
Human Responses to Disasters
We first discuss psychological response and coping behavior in disaster situations. We confirm earlier findings that people have a tendency to interpret the signs of danger within their daily context
Minority Citizens in Disasters
The first study of its kind to address the issue of ethnic diversity, Minority Citizens in Disasters focuses on the responses of two minorities-blacks and Mexican-Americans-relative to whites in
Hurricane Andrew Ethnicity, Gender, and the Sociology of Disasters
This book explores how social, economic and political factors set the stage for Hurricane Andrew by influencing who was prepared, who was hit the hardest, and who was most likely to recover.
Warning and Evacuation: A Night of Hard Choices
  • Hurricane Andrew: Ethnicity, Gender and the Sociology of Disasters
  • 1997