Head-to-head comparison of real-time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography with transthoracic and transesophageal two-dimensional contrast echocardiography for the detection of patent foramen ovale.

@article{Monte2010HeadtoheadCO,
  title={Head-to-head comparison of real-time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography with transthoracic and transesophageal two-dimensional contrast echocardiography for the detection of patent foramen ovale.},
  author={Ines Monte and Stefania Grasso and Salvatore Licciardi and Luigi P Badano},
  journal={European journal of echocardiography : the journal of the Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology},
  year={2010},
  volume={11 3},
  pages={
          245-9
        }
}
AIMS To assess the incremental value of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT-3DTE) over contrast transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), compared with contrast transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the identification of patent foramen ovale (PFO). METHODS AND RESULTS Eighty-one consecutive patients with history of migraine headache (MH) or unexplained cerebrovascular events (CE) were examined using RT-3DTE, contrast TTE, and contrast TEE in sequence. Feasibility of RT-3DE in… CONTINUE READING
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