Head and Neck Posture in Sauropod Dinosaurs Inferred from Extant Animals

  title={Head and Neck Posture in Sauropod Dinosaurs Inferred from Extant Animals},
  author={Michael P Taylor and Mathew John Wedel and Darren Naish},
The neck posture of sauropod dinosaurs has long been controversial. Recent reconstructions position the cervical vertebrae and skull in an “osteological neutral pose” (ONP), the best fit arrived at by articulating the vertebrae with the zygapophyses in maximum contact. This approach in isolation suggests that most or all sauropods held their necks horizontally. However, a substantial literature on extant amniotes (mammals, turtles, squamates, crocodilians and birds) shows that living animals do… 

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  • G. Paul
  • Environmental Science
    Anatomical record
  • 2017
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