Head Rotation During Internal Jugular Vein Cannulation and the Risk of Carotid Artery Puncture

@article{Sulek1996HeadRD,
  title={Head Rotation During Internal Jugular Vein Cannulation and the Risk of Carotid Artery Puncture},
  author={Cheri A. Sulek and Nikolaus Gravenstein and Robert H. Blackshear and Lee Weiss},
  journal={Anesthesia \& Analgesia},
  year={1996},
  volume={82},
  pages={125-128.}
}
We undertook a prospective laboratory study to examine the effect of head position on the relative positions of the carotid artery and the internal jugular vein (IJV).Volunteers (n = 12) from departmental staff, 18-60 yr of age, who had never undergone cannulation of the IJV underwent imaging of their IJV and carotid artery. With the subject in a 15 degrees Trendelenburg position, two-dimensional ultrasound images of the IJV and the carotid artery were obtained on the left and right sides of… 
The influence of head rotation on the anatomical relationship of the right internal jugular vein and the carotid artery
TLDR
Head rotation toward the contralateral side increases the percentage of overlap of the CA and RIJV, and to decrease the risk of CA puncture, rotate the head from the neutral position as little as possible when performing RIJv catheterization.
Anatomical relationship between the common carotid artery and the internal jugular vein during head rotation
TLDR
Investigation of the anatomical relationship between the common carotid artery and internal jugular vein during head rotation for the effective performance of percutaneous transjugular procedures concluded that head rotation should be kept to <45° at 2 cm above the clavicle and <30° at 4  cm above theClavicle to decrease the risk of accidental puncture of the commonCarotid arteries during internal jugul vein puncture.
The Examination of Internal Jugular Vein and Carotid Artery in Trendelenburg Position with Head Rotation; A Prospective, Randomized Study
TLDR
In 18.5% of patients positioned in the Trendelenburg position, with their head turned to the left 30o, the IJV overlapped the CA medially more than 5 mm, which increased the risk of a carotid puncture using the blind technique.
Ultrasound analysis of the relationship between right internal jugular vein and common carotid artery in the left head-rotation and head-flexion position
TLDR
Excessive left rotation should be avoided to minimize the probability of unintentional CCA puncture during IJV cannulation, and when 30° left rotation is not feasible, the head-flexion position should be utilized.
The Optimal Angle of Head Rotation for Internal Jugular Cannulation as Determined by Ultrasound Evaluation.
TLDR
The authors found the internal jugular vein becomes more vertically separated from the carotid artery at more extreme angles of contralateral head rotation.
Relationship of the internal jugular vein to the common carotid artery: implications for ultrasound-guided vascular access
TLDR
Ultrasound images used for IJV access usually depict the vein as being anterior to the CCA and only to a minor extent in the lateral position, which is important for needle processing in order to avoid accidental arterial puncture and to identify atypical positions of the IJV.
Quantitative measurement of the Right Internal Jugular Vein Diameter by Ultrasound Imaging in different positions
TLDR
It is proposed to quantitatively measure the diameter of the IJV with ultrasound imaging in both the conventional position and the modified position to determine whether there is a significant difference.
EFFECTS OF THE VALSALVA MANEUVER AND HEAD ROTATION ON INTERNAL JUGULAR VEINDIAMETER AND LOCATION BY ULTRASONOGRAPHY
TLDR
The neutral head position with Valsalva's maneuver as a safe and reliable method for IJV cannulation is advocated.
Internal Jugular Vein and Carotid Artery Anatomic Relation as Determined by Ultrasonography
TLDR
The authors' purpose in this study was to examine, using ultrasound, the anatomic relation of the IJV and CA as viewed from the perspective of a cannulating needle, and found that patients older than 60 yr were more likely to have this anatomy than patients younger than60 yr.
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