Hazards of ionising radiation: 100 years of observations on man.

@article{Doll1995HazardsOI,
  title={Hazards of ionising radiation: 100 years of observations on man.},
  author={Richard Doll},
  journal={British Journal of Cancer},
  year={1995},
  volume={72},
  pages={1339 - 1349}
}
In November 1895, when Conrad Röntgen serendipitously discovered X-rays, epidemiology was effectively limited to the study of infectious disease. What little epidemiological work was done in other fields was done as part of clinical medicine or under the heading of geographical pathology. The risks from exposure to X-rays and subsequently from other types of ionising radiation were consequently discovered by qualitative association or animal experiment. They did not begin to be quantified in… CONTINUE READING

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