Have craft breweries followed or led gentrification in Portland, Oregon? An investigation of retail and neighbourhood change

  title={Have craft breweries followed or led gentrification in Portland, Oregon? An investigation of retail and neighbourhood change},
  author={Samuel Walker and Chloe Fox Miller},
  journal={Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography},
  pages={102 - 117}
ABSTRACT This paper quantitatively measures the relationship between retail change and residential gentrification by examining the connection between gentrification and the opening of craft breweries in Portland, Oregon. Our findings indicate that: 1) craft breweries were slightly more likely to open in gentrified/gentrifying neighbourhoods than not and, 2) with the exception of the 1990s, breweries in gentrifying neighbourhoods most often opened followed the onset of neighbourhood upgrading… 
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